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MA05 - Update on Clinical Trials and Treatments (ID 123)
- Event: WCLC 2019
- Type: Mini Oral Session
- Track: Mesothelioma
- Presentations: 1
- Now Available
- Moderators:Seiki Hasegawa, Enrico Ruffini, Angel Artal
- Coordinates: 9/08/2019, 13:30 - 15:00, Melbourne (1991)
MA05.09 - Real-World Data of Nivolumab and Pembrolizumab in Chemotherapy Pre-Treated Mesothelioma Patients (Now Available) (ID 1918)
13:30 - 15:00 | Author(s): Darlene Mercieca
Both nivolumab and pembrolizumab have shown positive results in phase II studies in patients following chemotherapy in mesothelioma patients. However, these studies were done in a limited number of patients with strict inclusion criteria, while reports show a difference between real life and study setting.Method
In our mesothelioma center, we treated patients that progressed during or after chemotherapy treatment with nivolumab 3mg/kg once every 2 weeks independent of PD-L1 expression or with pembrolizumab 200mg once every 3 weeks when PD-L1 expression was ³1%, both in Early Patient Access programs. All patients were pre-treated with at least one cycle of platinum/folate treatment. CT scan evaluation was done using modified RECIST every 6 weeks.Result
In total, we treated 78 patients with nivolumab and 13 patients with pembrolizumab. Median age of the patients was 71 years (29-85) at start of the checkpoint inhibitor treatment, 80 (88%) were male. Performance status was ECOG 0 in 19 patients, ECOG 1 in 57 patients, ECOG 2 in 9 patients. Data analysis thus far showed 9 partial responses (10%) and 31 patients with stable disease (29%) and therefore a disease control rate of 39% at twelve weeks of treatment. Median progression free survival is 2.4 months and median overall survival 6,3 months. Median duration of response had not been reached yet. These data will be updated for the meeting. Two cases of pseudoprogression were seen on checkpoint inhibition therapy where progression according to modified RECIST was followed by response during continuation of PD-1 therapy. Toxicity was in line with historical data.Conclusion
We believe that this large dataset, using real-world data, can truly give an insight in the clinical benefit of these immune checkpoint inhibitors. In comparison with the published phase I and II trials on nivolumab and pembrolizumab, the response rates appear to be lower in a real-life setting. However, clinically meaningful and durable responses are seen in a population that has no other proven therapy options.
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