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MA07 - Clinical Questions and Potential Blood Markers for Immunotherapy (ID 125)
- Event: WCLC 2019
- Type: Mini Oral Session
- Track: Immuno-oncology
- Presentations: 1
- Now Available
MA07.10 - The Influence of Sex on Immunotherapy Efficacy in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (Now Available) (ID 712)
13:30 - 15:00 | Author(s): John Lazar
Patient’s sex impacts clinical outcomes for multiple cancers, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). A recent meta-analysis demonstrated sex may also impact response to novel immunotherapeutic agents, where men appear to derive greater benefit than women. However, the role of important clinical confounders of immunotherapy response that differ according to sex was not accounted for. The aim of this project was to investigate the effect of sex on immunotherapy benefit for NSCLC patients using a large, nationally representative database while adjusting for important clinical confounders.Method
Advanced metastatic NSCLC patients diagnosed between 2013-2015 were identified in the National Cancer Database (NCDB). A Cox Proportional Hazards model was used to assess the interaction between sex and immunotherapy treatment for overall survival. This model was also adjusted for histology, stage, age, race, tumor size, comorbidities and other treatment (i.e. chemotherapy, radiation).Result
Of 103,525 advanced NSCLC patients, 69,120 (67%) had adequate follow-up information for survival analysis. Of these, 37,423 (54.1%) were males and 31,697 (45.9%) females; 4,012 patients received immunotherapy as first-course treatment. In the adjusted model, both males (Hazard Ratio [HR]adj: 0.77, 95% Confidence Interval [CI] 0.73-0.81) and females (HRadj: 0.80, 95% CI 0.76-0.85) receiving immunotherapy had improved survival compared to those not receiving immunotherapy. The interaction between sex and immunotherapy was not significant (p=0.2539) after adjusting for clinical variables. Among the covariates, younger age, adenocarcinoma histology, Black race, smaller tumor size, lower comorbidity score and additional cancer treatment (either chemotherapy or radiation) were independently associated with better survival (p<0.0001 for all comparisons).Conclusion
Patient sex does not appear to affect the benefit of immunotherapy in advanced NSCLC patients after adjusting for potential clinical confounders. Other clinical factors may play a role in immunotherapy response and should be explored in future research.
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