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OA 15 - Diagnostic Radiology, Staging and Screening for Lung Cancer II (ID 684)
- Event: WCLC 2017
- Type: Oral
- Track: Radiology/Staging/Screening
- Presentations: 1
OA 15.02 - Benefits, Harms, and Economic Efficiency of Low-Dose CT Lung Cancer Screening Strategies in a Population-Based Setting (ID 7999)
14:30 - 16:15 | Author(s): I. Aumann
In lung cancer screening, a nodule management protocol describes nodule assessment and thresholds for nodule size and growth rate to identify patients who require immediate diagnostic evaluation or additional imaging exams. The NELSON and NLST clinical trials used different selection criteria and nodule management protocols. Several modelling studies have reported variations in screening outcomes and cost-effectiveness across selection criteria and screening intervals; however, the effect of variations in the nodule management protocol remains uncertain. This study evaluated the effects of the eligibility criteria and nodule management protocols on the benefits, harms, and cost-effectiveness of lung screening scenarios in a population-based setting in Germany.
We developed a modular microsimulation model: a biological module simulated individual histories of lung cancer development from carcinogenesis onset to death; a screening module simulated patient selection, screening-detection, nodule management protocols, diagnostic evaluation and screening outcomes. Benefits included mortality reduction, life years gained, averted lung cancer deaths. Harms were costs, false-positives, overdiagnosis. Comparator was no screening. Evaluated 57 screening scenarios included variations in selection criteria and thresholds for nodule size and growth rate.
Five years of annual screening resulted in an 11.3–12.6% lung cancer mortality reduction in the screened population. The efficient scenario included volumetric assessment, a threshold for a volume of 300 mm, and a threshold for a volume doubling time of 400 days. Assessment of volume doubling time is essential for reducing overdiagnosis and false-positives. Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios of the efficient scenarios were 19,389–23,804 Euro per life years gained and 178,673–285,630 Euro per averted lung cancer death.
Lung cancer screening can be cost-effective in Germany. Along with the eligibility criteria, the nodule management protocol influences screening performance and cost-effectiveness. Definition of the thresholds for nodule size and nodule growth in the nodule management protocol should be considered in detail when defining optimal screening strategies.