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MA 15 - Lung Cancer Biology II (ID 670)
- Event: WCLC 2017
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Biology/Pathology
- Presentations: 1
MA 15.01 - LungBEAM: A Prospective Multicenter Trial to Monitor EGFR Mutations Using BEAMing Technology in Stage IV NSCLC Patients (ID 10145)
15:45 - 17:30 | Author(s): T. Morán
Liquid biopsy is a promising approach to improve the management of NSCLC patients, offering a minimally-invasive alternative to tumor tissue testing and enabling timely monitoring of patients on-therapy. The goal of the present study was to evaluate the performance of the OncoBEAM EGFR plasma vs EGFR tissue testing across 19 Spanish hospitals and to examine the timing of T790M mutation emergence in patients during first-line EGFR TKI therapy with respect to radiological progression.
Blood samples from 112 therapy-naïve advanced NSCLC patients were collected at baseline and throughout EGFR TKI therapy. Results from OncoBEAM EGFR mutation were performed by Sysmex in Hamburg, Germany and then compared to those obtained by the initial EGFR tissue testing obtained at the referring hospital. In addition, the time at which T790M was first detected was compared to the date of progression determined by radiological imaging.
112 stage IV NSCLC patients (p) were enrolled between Nov 2016 and May 2017. Clinical characteristics: median age 65 y. , 81 female. Smoking pattern: never 70 p (62,5%), former 33 p (29.4%) and active 9 (8%). M1a 28 p (25%), M1b only brain 10 p (8.9%), only bone 17 p (15%). Baseline tissue samples: Exon 19 deletion 74 p (66%) , L858R 38 p (34%). Initial positive percent agreement (PPA) in 69 out of 112 p was 52/69 or 75.4%. Interestingly, the agreement between plasma and tissue EGFR mutation results for patients diagnosed at M0 was 56%, versus 81% with patients diagnosed at M1. In addition, the average number of days between tissue biopsy and blood collection for concordant cases was 128 days, versus 358 days for discordant cases. Currently, the tissue EGFR mutation status of all discordant cases is being re-examined using BEAMing. Preliminary results from serial T790M plasma analyses revealed cases where detection by OncoBEAM was observed several weeks prior to documented progression by imaging. More mature results will be available at the time of the meeting
Overall, these initial results show high PPA of plasma and tissue EGFR mutation status at baseline. Moreover, early detection of T790M in blood may assist in anticipating resistance to first-line EGFR TKI therapy.
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