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MA 11 - Emerging Diagnostic/Biomarkers in NSCLC (ID 668)
- Event: WCLC 2017
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Advanced NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
MA 11.01 - Liquid Biopsies for Monitoring BRAF Mutation (V600E) in Advanced BRAF (V600E) Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) (ID 10232)
11:00 - 12:30 | Author(s): V. Plagnol
Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) has been shown beneficial in monitoring EGFR mutations in blood, especially for the detection of resistance mutations, like T790M in NSCLC patients. However, the role of BRAF (V600E) ctDNA for monitoring the patient’s response has not been studied yet. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical relevance of BRAF (V600E) ctDNA for monitoring the response to BRAF inhibitors in a prospective cohort of advanced NSCLC BRAF (V600E) patients.
We prospectively enrolled advanced NSCLC patients with BRAF (V600E) treated with BRAF +/- MEK inhibitors in our institution. A blood sample was collected at different time points, including at baseline, during treatment and at progressive disease. ctDNA BRAF analysis was performed using the Inivata InVision platform (enhanced tagged-amplicon next-generation sequencing (eTAM-Seq).
Between June 2016 and June 2017, 14 patients have been included. Eight patients (57%) were females, 9 (64%) non-smokers, with a median age of 63 years (35-70). All the patients had adenocarcinoma and BRAF (V600E) mutation in tissue analysis. Thirteen patients (93%) had stage IV at diagnosis, 7 patients (50%) with bone, 6 (43%) pleural and 4 (29%) lung metastasis. The median of lines of treatment received was 2 (1-4). Thirteen patients (93%) received BRAF + MEK inhibitor and 1 patient (14%) BRAF inhibitor, with an objective response rate of 64% (1 complete, 8 partial response) and disease control rate of 86%. BRAF mutation detection was tested under treatment in 12 patients (86%). Longitudinal analysis was performed from the serial sampling in 6 patients to date: 4 patients (67%) were ctDNA positive for BRAF (V600E) at time of progression, with a range of allelic frequency of 0.11-6.16%. BRAF mutation was not detectable in patients with objective response (2/6, 33%) at time of sample collection(s). Additional BRAF (V600E) NSCLC patient samples are being analyzed.
Liquid biopsy for monitoring BRAF (V600E) using ctDNA appears to be feasible and useful in advanced NSCLC patients. Updated longitudinal results for the complete patient cohort will be presented at the meeting.
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