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OA19 - Translational Research in Early Stage NSCLC (ID 402)
- Event: WCLC 2016
- Type: Oral Session
- Track: Early Stage NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
OA19.02 - Sex Differences Are Detected in the Profile of Tumor Associated Inflammatory Cells (TAICs) Are Lung Adenocarcinoma (ID 5451)
11:00 - 12:30 | Author(s): N. Kalhor
A number of studies have characterized TAICs in lung cancer and associated their levels of infiltration with patients’ outcome. There is limited information about the correlation of TAICs infiltration with clinical and pathological features of lung cancer. We investigated the association between patterns of tumor infiltrating lymphocytes and macrophages with detailed clinical and pathological features in lung adenocarcinoma.
We studied archival tumor tissue from 93 surgically resected lung adenocarcinomas, stages I to III. Density of TAICs expressing CD3, CD4, CD8, and CD68 was evaluated using immunohistochemistry (IHC) and image analysis. TAICs density was correlated with tumor’s histological characteristics and patients’ characteristics.
We found significant differences in the TAICs infiltrate density of lung adenocarcinomas based on patients’ characteristics. Overall: a) females showed higher levels of CD8+ (P=0.01) and CD3+ (P=0.03) cell density than males; b) smaller tumors (<3cms) showed more CD4+ (P=0.01) and CD3+ (P=0.03) cells than larger tumors; and, c) tumors with solid histology pattern showed higher levels of CD8+ (P=0.03) cells than non-solid pattern. No overall significant differences on TAICs infiltrates were detected by age, tobacco exposure by pack-years and TTF-1 IHC expression score. However when TAICs density of tumors was examined by sex we found the following: a) in larger tumor (>3cms), females demonstrated higher levels of CD8+ cells (P=0.0007) than males; b) tumors from females older than the median age (63 years) showed more CD4+ (P=0.04), CD8+ (P=0.009) and CD3+ (P=0.042) cells than males; c) tumors from females with <40 pack-years of tobacco history showed significantly higher levels of CD3+ (P=0.004) and CD68+ (P=0.004) cells than males; d) tumors from females with high levels of TTF1 expression (score >150) showed higher levels of CD8+ cells(P=0.03) than males; e) females with tumors having non-solid histology pattern showed higher CD8+ (P=0.02) and CD3+ (P=0.02) cells than males. Finally, tumors expressing low levels of TTF-1 and lower CD4+ cells correlated significantly with worse overall recurrence free survival and overall survival in both males (P<0.0001) and females (P=0.0072).
In lung adenocarcinoma, TAICs infiltration correlates with clinical characteristics of patients and pathological features of tumors, particularly, sex, age, size and TTF-1 expression. Compared with men, lung adenocarcinomas from females showed higher levels of TAICs, particularly at older age, larger tumor size, less exposure to tobacco, and more differentiated histological patterns. (UT Lung SPORE and MD Anderson Moon Shot Program).
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