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OA12 - SBRT and Other Issues in Early Stage NSCLC (ID 383)
- Event: WCLC 2016
- Type: Oral Session
- Track: Early Stage NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
OA12.03 - Percutaneous Cryoablation for Lung Cancer Patients for Whom Surgery or Radiotherapy is Contraindicated Due to Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (ID 3830)
11:00 - 12:30 | Author(s): K. Kaseda
Interstitial lung disease, such as idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), have been widely known to be associated with lung cancer. Lung cancer patients concomitant with IPF sometimes develop a life-threatening acute exacerbation after surgery or radiotherapy. Percutaneous cryoablation is evolving as a potentially less invasive local treatment for lung cancer. The purpose of this study is to retrospectively analyze the outcomes of cryoablation for clinical T1N0M0 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients for whom surgery or radiotherapy is contraindicated because of IPF.
Between December 2003 to March 2016, 210 patients underwent computer tomography guided percutaneous cryoablation for lung tumors at our institution. Of these, 11 histologically proven clinical T1N0M0 NSCLC patients, for whom surgery or radiotherapy was considered contraindicated because of severe IPF, were retrospectively reviewed. Complications, local progression-free survival and clinicopathological factors were evaluated.
The cohort was composed of 11 men with a mean age of 74 years (range: 68 to 82). The median follow-up time was 20 months (range: 6 to 55 months). The mean Krebs von den Lungen-6 (KL-6) level was 1608 ±1025 U/mL. The mean tumor size was 24 ± 7mm. The mean percentage of predicted diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO) was 37±27%. Thirty and 90-day mortality was 0 and 18%, respectively. Two patients required chest tube drainage because of severe pneumothorax. Acute exacerbation of IPF occurred in two patients (18%). The use of oral steroids and need for chest tube drainage were predictors of higher mortality (p < 0.05) and higher incidence of acute exacerbation of IPF (p < 0.05). However, higher level of KL-6 and low percentage of DLCO were not significant risk factors of mortality or acute exacerbation of IPF. Local progression-free survival at 1, 2 and 3 year was 51, 41 and 31%, respectively.
Percutaneous cryoablation for lung cancer patients with IPF provoked acute exacerbation of IPF in 18% of patients. The use of oral steroids and need for chest tube drainage were predictors of higher mortality and higher incidence of acute exacerbation of IPF.
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P2.04 - Poster Session with Presenters Present (ID 466)
- Event: WCLC 2016
- Type: Poster Presenters Present
- Track: Mesothelioma/Thymic Malignancies/Esophageal Cancer/Other Thoracic Malignancies
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 12/06/2016, 14:30 - 15:45, Hall B (Poster Area)
P2.04-016 - Is FDG-PET Useful for Distinguishing between Thymic Epithelial Tumors and Malignant Lymphoma? (ID 5234)
14:30 - 15:45 | Author(s): K. Kaseda
It is difficult to diagnose the tumor in the anterior mediastinum by computed tomography. Distinguishing between thymic epithelial tumors and malignant lymphoma is important, because therapeutic strategy is difficult in each disease. The objective of this study was to clarify the usefulness of positron emission tomography (PET) using 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) for distinguishing thymic epithelial tumors and malignant lymphoma.
We retrospectively reviewed FDG PET-CT scans of 42 patients pathologically diagnosed by surgery or biopsy as thymic epithelial tumors or malignant lymphoma. FDG uptake was measured as the maximum standard uptake value (SUVmax). Student t tests were used to assess association between SUVmax and pathological diagnosis.
Among the 42 patients, 26 patients had a pathological diagnosis of thymoma: WHO classification type A in 3 patients (11%), type AB in 5 patients (19%), type B1 in 10 patients (19%), type B2 in 11 patients (42%), and type B3 in 2 patients (7%). Eight patients had the thymic carcinoma. Eight patients had the malignant lymphoma. The SUVmax in malignant lymphoma (13.4±6.3) was significantly higher than that in the thymic epithelial tumors (4.9±2.4) (p＜0.001). The SUVmax in thymic carcinoma (7.9±3.0) was higher than that in the thymoma (4.5±1.3) (p=0.002) . The ROC curve of SUVmax for predicting malignant lymphoma indicated that the optimal cutoff value was 7.3. This value had a sensitivity of 0.88 and a specificity of 0.99 (area under curve, 0.93).
FDG PET-CT is helpful for distinguishing malignant lymphoma from thymic epithelial tumors with cut off value of 7.3.