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MA07 - ALK-ROS1 in Advanced NSCLC (ID 385)
- Event: WCLC 2016
- Type: Mini Oral Session
- Track: Advanced NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
MA07.06 - Crizotinib in ROS1 Rearranged or MET Deregulated Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC): Preliminary Results of the METROS Trial (ID 6003)
11:00 - 12:30 | Author(s): G. Fontanini
Crizotinib is an orally active inhibitor of receptor tyrosine kinases effective in NSCLC with ALK rearrangement. Recent data showed that this agent is dramatically effective in patients with ROS1 rearrangement and at least in some patients with MET deregulation, particularly individuals with exon 14 skipping mutations or with high levels of MET amplification.
The METROS trial is a multicenter prospective phase II study designed to assess the efficacy and safety and tolerability of Crizotinib in pretreated metastatic NSCLC with MET amplification or MET exon 14 mutation or ROS1 rearrangement. The co-primary end-point was response rate to crizotinib in two cohorts of patients: cohort A) ROS1+: patients with ROS1 rearrangement; B) MET+: patients with MET amplification defined as ratio MET/CEP7 >2.2 on FISH testing or MET exon 14 skipping mutations. Eligible patients were treated with with crizotinib at the standard dose of 250 mg BID p.o.
At the time of the present analysis, preliminary data on the MET cohort are available. A total of 249 patients were screened and 18 resulted as MET+ (12 amplified and 6 mutated). Among them, 10 patients (9 amplified and 1 mutated) were included onto the study and received at least one dose of crizotinib, 6 patients were not eligibible beacause of not progressing to front line therapy, whereas 2 patients did not received crizotinib due to rapidly progressive disease. Characteristics of enrolled patients were: median age 68 years (range 39-77); male/female 8/2; ECOG PS 0/1/2: 6/3/1. In 8 cases crizotinib was offered as second-line therapy. All but one patients were current or past smokers. According to RECIST criteria, 2 partial responses and 4 stable disease were so far documented, with an overall disease control rate of 60%. Three patients are still on treatment. Therapy was generally well tolerated, with only 1 patient delaying therapy due to adverse events. Enrollment is still ongoing.
Preliminary analysis of the METROS trial supports the potential efficacy of crizotinib in patients with MET deregulation, with a favorable toxicity profile. Updated results including median progression-free survival and survival were will be presented at the meeting.
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