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MINI 38 - Biology and Prognosis (ID 167)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Thymoma, Mesothelioma and Other Thoracic Malignancies
- Presentations: 1
MINI38.11 - Tumor Volume and Epithelioid Differentiation Are Independent Predictors of Survival in Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma (ID 2428)
18:30 - 20:00 | Author(s): S. Watson
Maximal cyto-reductive surgery with adjuvant therapy provides survival advantage in selected patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). Extended pleurectomy and decortication (EPD), a lung sparing procedure, provides an opportunity to measure the tumor volume. We hypothesized that tumor volume is a better predictor of survival than the T and N, because it represents tumor burden more accurately. Currently the significance of epithelioid differentiation in the biphasic histology also remains poorly understood. We report our experience with patients undergoing EPD and the implication of tumor volume and epithelioid differentiation in overall survival.
We evaluated 116 patients who underwent EPD for MPM. The following variables were assessed: age, gender, histology, tumor volume and pathological T and N stage. The tumor volume of resected specimens was measured using a water displacement method. All histological examinations were performed by a single pathologist, and the percent epithelioid histology was estimated in all patients. A Cox regression model was used to identify significant predictors of survival. Kaplan-Meier was used to summarize overall and subgroup survival.
There were 95 males and 21 females with a median age of 68 years (range 43-88 years). Epithelioid differentiation was 100% in 60 patients, 50-95% in 35 patients, and less than 50% in 21 patients (no patient with pure sarcomatoid histology was included in this report). Mean tumor volume was 642+/- 400ml. Tumor volume was between 100-299cc in 20 patients, between 300-599cc in 37 patients, and >600cc in 54 patients. In 5 patients the volume was not estimated. Six patients (5%) died within 30 days. Two-year survival from EPD was 28%. Median survival was 15.7 months. Percent epithelioid differentiation (p=0.0004) and tumor volume (p=0.001) were significant predictors of survival. T (p=0.05) stage, but not N stage, was a significant predictor of survival. Tumor volume was a predictor of T stage (p=0.05). No relationship between N stage and either tumor volume or histology was observed.
Percent epithelioid differentiation and tumor volume are independent predictors of survival in MPM patients undergoing EPD.
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