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MINI 36 - Imaging and Diagnostic Workup (ID 163)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Screening and Early Detection
- Presentations: 1
MINI36.11 - Pre-Operative Fine Needle Aspiration (FNA) for Diagnosis of Suspected Early Stage Lung Cancer Reduces Non-Malignant Resection Rate (ID 2124)
18:30 - 20:00 | Author(s): J.A. Barta
Rates of resection of non-malignant lung nodules suspected pre-operatively to be lung cancer vary widely and are reported to be as high as 40%. Commonly used modalities in the pre-operative workup of new lung nodules suspicious for lung cancer include positron emission tomography (PET), bronchoscopy, and computed tomography (CT)-guided fine needle aspiration (FNA). We evaluated the non-malignant resection rate (NMRR) and the frequency of benign resections among patients with pre-operative FNA in our lung cancer center.
The study population was identified using databases of the Mount Sinai Departments of Thoracic Surgery and Radiology. Eligible patients included those with a CT-guided FNA and/or surgical resection performed during the 12-month period between July 2013 – July 2014 for known or suspected first primary early stage lung cancer presenting with a lung nodule or mass. Cases were included if patients were >18 years of age with no history of cancer treated within 5 years. Patient data were abstracted from the electronic medical records.
A total of 283 nodules from 264 patients met inclusion criteria. Of these, FNA was performed in 217 (77%) of the 264 patients, with 131 results (60%) categorized as malignant. Similarly, 228 nodules (81%) were PET imaged, and 141 (62%) of these were positive (Standard Uptake Value >2). Sensitivity and specificity of FNA and PET for diagnosis are reported in Table 1. Post-FNA pneumothorax requiring a chest tube occurred in 11/193 FNAs performed at Mount Sinai (6%). Of 208 surgically resected nodules, 27 cases (13.0%) had a non-malignant diagnosis on pathologic examination. The non-malignant resection rate (NMRR) ranged from 0% to 39% by different surgeons and did not correlate with surgical case volume. Among the 142 resections preceded by FNA, 11 (7.7%) were found to have non-malignant pathology. In contrast, among the remaining 66 resections without a pre-operative FNA, 16 (24.2%) were benign (OR 3.81, 95%CI 1.52-9.69; p = 0.001). Figure 1
In this single center retrospective analysis, the overall NMRR was lower than in previously published reports. Furthermore, the NMRR was significantly lower in thoracic operations preceded by a CT-guided FNA compared with those without a pre-operative FNA. Diagnostic accuracy of FNA in this cohort of patients at moderate to high risk for lung cancer is higher than that of PET, with an acceptably low complication rate. These findings suggest that pre-operative diagnostic confirmation by FNA results in a low rate of non-malignant resection.
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