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V. Naronha

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    ORAL 03 - New Kinase Targets (ID 89)

    • Event: WCLC 2015
    • Type: Oral Session
    • Track: Treatment of Advanced Diseases - NSCLC
    • Presentations: 1
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      ORAL03.02 - Is EGFR Exon20 Mutation a Prognostic/Predictive Biomarker in Our Lung Cancer Patients? (ID 2744)

      10:45 - 12:15  |  Author(s): V. Naronha

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      EGFR Exon20 mutations have been considered to be markers of acquired resistance to Tyrosine Kinase inhibitors. The association between Oral TKI response and Baseline Exon20 Mutations has not been addressed in many studies and remains to be evaluated.

      We conducted a retrospective audit of our prospectively maintained Lung cancer audit database in our institute in the year 2014.We reviewed data related to EGFR mutation testing by RQ-PCR using endpoint genotyping assay for EXON 20, 19, 21.We also reviewed data relating to baseline demographics,clinical profile, patient treatment and outcome measures in terms of response and survival.

      We reviewed 807 sequentially tested lung cancer patients, who underwent molecular testing using RQ-PCR by endpoint genotyping assay. The overall mutation rate was 26.4% and 19 (2%) had baseline EGFR EXON20 mutation. The median age of patients was 56yrs [range: 29-81yrs], with 7 patients being females .There were 7 patients who gave past history of smoking. The most common site of metastasis was pleural effusion in 8,followed by Bone in 6,Brain in 5 and Liver metastasis in 2patients.Histology was adenocarcinoma in majority[16 patients].Among the types of EXON20 Mutations, 7 patients had S7681, 4 patients had INSGGT, 5patients had INS 9 and 4 patients had T790M mutation. All patients received chemotherapy as first line treatment. We have documented response assessment at 2months in 8 patients with progressive disease in 5[63%], stable disease in 2 and partial response in 1 patient. Second line therapy with Oral TKI was given to 9 patients, in whom we have documented response assessment in 6, all of whom had progressed.The median Overall survival of Exon-20 mutation positive patients was 5.5months. [Range of 3.8-7.2months], in comparison with other types of EGFR mutations which showed median Overall survival of 16.3months[range:12.7-19.4months

      EXON-20 Mutations in general proclaim grave prognosis, predicting limited benefit of chemotherapy and marked TKI resistance.

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