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P1.02 - Poster Session/ Treatment of Localized Disease – NSCLC (ID 209)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Poster
- Track: Treatment of Localized Disease - NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 9/07/2015, 09:30 - 17:00, Exhibit Hall (Hall B+C)
P1.02-029 - Long and Short-Term Predictors of Outcome in Elderly Patients (≥ 75 Years) Undergoing Lobectomy for Stage I Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (ID 3126)
09:30 - 17:00 | Author(s): B.J. Park
More than 65% of patients diagnosed with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are above the age of 65 years. Half of this cohort are ≥75 years who are at higher risk following surgical resection, which is the mainstay of treatment for early-stage NSCLC. The purpose of this study is to determine the factors influencing the outcomes in patients ≥75 years who underwent lobectomy for stage I NSCLC: postoperative complications, short-term (30- and 90-day mortality) and long-term (overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS)). In addition to the routinely used clinical factors, we investigated the utility of lung age, the tool commonly used for smoking cessation.
Patients with pathological stage I NSCLC who underwent lobectomy between 2000 and 2011, age ≥75 years at surgery with no induction therapy, and no previous lung resection were included in the study (n =435). We investigated the influence of smoking history, preoperative history of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), Carlson comorbidity index (CCI), serum creatinine level, lung age (calculated by height and forced expiratory volume in one second), percent predicted diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (%DLCO), and p-stage. Outcomes studied were postoperative in-hospital complication (CTCAE grade ≥3), 30- and 90-day mortality, OS, and CSS. Complications and mortality were analyzed by chi-square tests for univariate analysis. OS and CSS were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier methods with log-rank tests for univariate analysis, and Cox proportional analysis for multivariate analysis.
Median chronological age was 79 years, whereas median lung age was 89 years (female gender n = 334, positive smoking history n = 391, p-stage IA/IB were 282/153). In univariate analysis, low %DLCO and CVD history were significantly associated with postoperative complications (p = 0.032 and 0.018, respectively), and only high serum creatinine level was significantly associated with 30- and 90-day mortality (p = 0.02 and 0.027, respectively). P-stage, lung age, %DLCO, and COPD history were significantly associated with poor OS (p <0.001, p <0.001, p = 0.009 and 0.008, respectively). P-stage, lung age, and COPD history were significantly associated with poor CSS (p =0.003, 0.004, and 0.046, respectively). In multivariate analysis, both p-stage and lung age were independently associated with poor OS (p <0.001 and <0.001, respectively) and poor CSS (p = 0.006 and 0.01, respectively).
In elderly patients with stage I NSCLC undergoing lobectomy, p-stage and lung age were independent risk predictor for long-term prognosis (OS and CSS); serum creatinine level was associated with short-term mortality; and %DLCO and CVD history were associated with postoperative complications. Our observations from this large cohort are useful for treatment decision making in elderly patients with stage I NSCLC.
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