Virtual Library

Start Your Search

D. Waterkamp

Author of

  • +

    MO18 - NSCLC - Targeted Therapies IV (ID 116)

    • Event: WCLC 2013
    • Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
    • Track: Medical Oncology
    • Presentations: 1
    • +

      MO18.01 - An analysis of the relationship of clinical activity to baseline EGFR status, PD-L1 expression and prior treatment history in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) following PD-L1 blockade with MPDL3280A (anti-PDL1) (ID 2347)

      16:15 - 17:45  |  Author(s): D. Waterkamp

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      NSCLC may utilize PD-L1 overexpression to escape immune surveillance. This mechanism has been suggested by recent clinical studies showing that NSCLC can respond to PD-L1/PD-1 blockade. MPDL3280A, a human monoclonal antibody containing an engineered Fc-domain designed to optimize efficacy and safety, aims to restore tumor-specific T-cell immunity by blocking PD-L1 from binding to its receptors, PD-1 and B7.1.

      Patients received MPDL3280A IV q3w for up to 1 year in a Phase I dose escalation/expansion study. Objective response rate (ORR) was assessed by RECIST v1.1 and included unconfirmed/confirmed responses. EGFR and KRAS status was initially assessed locally by investigators. Archival tissue was analyzed centrally for PD-L1 expression by IHC.

      As of Feb 1, 2013, 52 NSCLC patients were evaluable for safety and treated at doses of 0.03-20 mg/kg. The median age of patients was 61 years (range, 24-83). 17 (33%) of patients were ECOG PS 0 and 35 (67%) of patients were ECOG PS 1. Prior treatments included surgery (89%), radiotherapy (54%) and systemic therapy (98%). 15% of patients received 1 prior regimen, 21% received 2 and 62% received ≥3. Additionally, 14%, 62% and 25% of patients were EGFR-mutation positive, EGFR WT and EGFR status unknown/undetermined, respectively, and 12%, 40% and 48% of patients were KRAS-mutation positive, KRAS WT and KRAS status unknown/undetermined, respectively. Patients received treatment with MPDL3280A for a median duration of 106 days (range 1-450). Treatment-related Gr3/4 AEs occurred in 12% of patients, including fatigue (4%) and hypoxia (4%). 1 patient experienced a Gr3/4 immune-related AE (Gr3 hyperglycemia). No Gr3-5 pneumonitis or diarrhea was reported. 41 NSCLC patients first dosed at 1-20 mg/kg prior to Aug 1, 2012, were evaluable for efficacy. An ORR of 22% (9/41) was observed in patients (squamous [n=9]/nonsquamous [n=31]) with a duration of response range of 1+ to 214+ days. Additional patients had nonconventional responses after apparent radiographic progression but were considered to have progressive disease in this analysis. All responses were ongoing or improving at data cutoff. The 24-week PFS was 46%. ORR by patient characteristics was also examined. The ORR for patients with ≤2 prior therapies was 23% (4/17) and 23% (5/22) for patients with >2 prior therapies. Additionally, the response for former/current smokers was 23% (8/35) versus 17% (1/6) for never smokers. Between EGFR-mutation positive and EGFR WT patients, the ORRs also did not differ (25% [1/4] and 19% [5/26], respectively). In contrast, PD-L1 status was associated with ORR response as patients with PD-L1–positive tumors had an ORR of 80% (4/5) and patients with PD-L1–negative tumors had an ORR of 14% (4/28). Updated data, including responses by KRAS status, will be presented.

      Treatment with MPDL3280A was generally well tolerated, with no cases of Gr3-5 pneumonitis. Rapid and durable responses were observed, including in an EGFR-mutation positive patient. Responses to MPDL3280A did not appear influenced by the number of prior treatment regimens but did appear to be associated with PD-L1 tumor status. Additional studies have been initiated in NSCLC.

      Only Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login, select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout. If you would like to become a member of IASLC, please click here.

      Only Active Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login or select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout.