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O16 - NSCLC - Targeted Therapies III (ID 115)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Oral Abstract Session
- Track: Medical Oncology
- Presentations: 1
- Moderators:H.A. Wakelee, L. Crino
- Coordinates: 10/29/2013, 10:30 - 12:00, Parkside Auditorium, Level 1
O16.01 - Impact of tumor burden on the overall survival analysis of the LUME-Lung 1 study: a randomized, double-blind phase 3 trial of nintedanib (BIBF 1120) + docetaxel in NSCLC patients progressing after first-line chemotherapy (ID 3284)
10:30 - 12:00 | Author(s): S. Orlov
Nintedanib is an orally available potent anti-angiogenic agent inhibiting the isoforms of VEGFR, PDGFR and FGFR. LUME-Lung 1 is a placebo-controlled phase 3 trial of nintedanib + docetaxel in second-line NSCLC patients.
Patients with stage IIIB/IV or recurrent NSCLC after failure of first-line chemotherapy were stratified by histology, ECOG PS, prior bevacizumab and brain metastases, and were randomised to nintedanib 200 mg bid + docetaxel 75 mg/m q21d (n=655), or placebo + docetaxel (n=659). The primary endpoint was centrally reviewed PFS after 714 events. The key secondary endpoint was OS after 1,121 events. Predefined sensitivity analyses used baseline sum of longest diameters of target lesions (SLD) and stratification factors, as covariates in the Cox model.
The study met its primary endpoint demonstrating a statistically significant improvement in PFS that translated into a 21% reduction in the risk of progression in patients treated with the combination of nintedanib + docetaxel vs placebo + docetaxel (HR 0.79; CI: 0.68, 0.92; p=0.0019; median 3.4 vs 2.7 months), regardless of histology (adenocarcinoma HR 0.77, CI: 0.62, 0.96; p=0.0193; squamous HR 0.77, CI: 0.62, 0.96; p=0.0200). OS was significantly prolonged in adenocarcinoma patients treated with the combination of nintedanib + docetaxel vs placebo + docetaxel (HR 0.83; CI: 0.70, 0.99; p=0.0359; median 12.6 vs 10.3 months) but not in squamous cell carcinoma patients (HR 1.01; CI: 0.85, 1.21; p=0.8908; median 8.6 vs 8.7 months). The intent-to-treat (ITT) analysis of OS in all study patients showed a 1-month improvement that did not reach statistical significance (HR 0.94; CI 0.83, 1.05; p=0.272; median 10.1 vs 9.1 months). When adjusted for SLD, however, a significant OS benefit was seen for the ITT population (HR 0.88; CI: 0.78, 0.99; p=0.0365). Further analyses showed that the impact of SLD was reflected in the squamous cell carcinoma population (HR 0.92; CI: 0.77, 1.10; p=0.3649), with the greatest impact observed for squamous cell carcinoma patients with a large SLD. An impact of SLD was also seen in adenocarcinoma patients but to a lesser extent (HR 0.81; CI:0.69, 0.97; p=0.0186), as compared with the squamous cell carcinoma population. The most common AEs reported for the ITT population were diarrhea (any: 42.3 vs 21.8%; Gr ≥3: 6.6 vs 2.6%) and ALT elevations (any: 28.5 vs 8.4%; Gr ≥3: 7.8 vs 0.9%). Incidence of CTCAE Gr ≥3 AEs was 71.3 vs 64.3%. Withdrawals due to AEs (22.7 vs 21.7%) were similar in both arms, as were Gr ≥3 hypertension, bleeding or thrombosis.
Nintedanib + docetaxel significantly reduced the risk of progression in NSCLC patients independent of histology. Adjustment for tumor burden, as represented by the SLD, led to a significant reduction in the risk of death. AEs were generally manageable with dose reductions and symptomatic treatment.
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