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M. De Perrot
MO14 - Mesothelioma II - Surgery and Multimodality (ID 121)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
- Track: Mesothelioma
- Presentations: 1
MO14.09 - 5-year experience with accelerated induction hypofractionated hemithoracic intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) followed by extrapleural pneumonectomy (EPP) for malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) (ID 2022)
10:30 - 12:00 | Author(s): M. De Perrot
Our experience in tri-modality therapy for MPM with induction chemotherapy followed by EPP and high dose hemithoracic radiation demonstrated that completion of EPP and radiation provided the best results. We therefore developed a new protocol of accelerated induction hypofractionated hemithoracic IMRT followed by EPP to deliver optimal radiation to the whole tumor bed in a short period of time. EPP is performed approximately one week after completion of radiation to limit the risk of pneumonitis. The results of Surgery for Mesothelioma After Radiation Therapy (SMART) was reviewed and compared to our previous cohort of patients undergoing induction chemotherapy followed by EPP and adjuvant hemithoracic radiation.
All patients undergoing EPP in our institution between 01/2001 and 06/2013 were reviewed. The SMART protocol (25 Gy in 5 daily fractions over 1 week delivered to the entire ipsilateral hemithorax by IMRT with concomitant boost of 5 Gy to volumes at high risk based on CT and PET scan findings) was started in 2008. EPP was performed 6±2 days after radiation therapy. The results of the SMART protocol were compared to the group of patients undergoing induction chemotherapy followed by EPP as part of a trimodality approach.
A total of 111 patients underwent EPP between 01/2001 and 06/2013 with a hospital mortality of 4.5% (n=5). A total of 64 patients (81% men, 59±9 years old, 81% with epithelial histologic subtype) underwent induction chemotherapy, while 39 (82% men, 62±9 years old, 69% with epithelial histologic subtype) underwent SMART. Seven patients had no induction therapy and one had pre-operative chemo- and radiation therapy. Since 2008, the number of surgical patients undergoing SMART progressively increased from 14% in 2008 to 100% in 2013. None of the patients undergoing SMART died in hospital or within 30 days of surgery, while 4 of the 64 patients (6.4%) undergoing induction chemotherapy died in hospital after EPP (p=0.1). Patients undergoing SMART tended to have a greater proportion of ypN2 disease on final pathology than patients completing induction chemotherapy before EPP (58% vs 41%, respectively; p=0.09). After a median follow-up of 16 months after the start of therapy, the 3-year survival was significantly better in patients with epithelial disease undergoing SMART (n=27) compared to patients with epithelial disease undergoing induction chemotherapy and EPP (n=52) (79% 3-year survival vs 30% 3-year survival, respectively; p=0.04). In contrast, the 3-year survival of patients with biphasic disease was similar between patients undergoing SMART (n=12) or induction chemotherapy and EPP (n=12) (20% vs 8%, respectively; p=0.8). Multivariate survival analysis using Cox regression model demonstrated that epithelial histologic subtype (p=0.0003), the absence of ypN2 disease (p=0.007) and SMART (p=0.03) were predictors of better survival.
Over the past 5 years, accelerated hemithoracic IMRT followed by EPP has become our preferred approach for surgically resectable MPM. Surgery for mesothelioma after radiation therapy was feasible with no operative mortality in 39 patients. Although comparison with our historical cohort of patients has limitations, our current protocol provides very encouraging results in patients with epithelial disease with a 3 year survival of 79%.
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