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B. Schwartz

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    Best of Posters - IASLC Selection - Part 2 (ID 263)

    • Event: WCLC 2013
    • Type: Exhibit Showcase Session
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
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      P2.11-024 - Efficacy Analysis for Molecular Subgroups in MARQUEE: a Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Phase 3 Trial of Tivantinib (ARQ 197) Plus Erlotinib versus Placebo plus Erlotinib in Previously Treated Patients with Locally Advanced or Metastatic, Non-squamous, Non- small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) (ID 2909)

      09:55 - 10:25  |  Author(s): B. Schwartz

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      MARQUEE, a Phase 3 study which investigated the role of tivantinib, a c-MET inhibitor, in previously treated non-squamous NSCLC, collected EGFR and KRAS genotype on >90% of randomized patients, and MET expression was determined for 42%. In the ITT population, addition of tivantinib to erlotinib significantly improved PFS and ORR but did not show benefit in OS. Additional efficacy analyses in the pre-defined molecular subgroups are presented.

      Patients with locally advanced or metastatic non-squamous, EGFR inhibitor naive NSCLC previously treated with 1 or 2 lines of systemic therapy, including a platinum-doublet, were stratified by number of prior therapies, sex, smoking history, and EGFR and KRAS mutation status, then randomized to oral tivantinib (360 mg twice daily) + erlotinib (150 mg once daily) or placebo + erlotinib until disease progression. Primary endpoint was OS with one interim analysis for futility/superiority. MET was assessed centrally by IHC using CONFIRM (SP44) antibody. Based upon a stability study, tumor tissue must have been sectioned within 90 days prior to MET immunostaining to be considered reliable. MET High was pre-specified as ≥50% of tumor cells staining with 2+ or 3+ intensity.

      From 1/2011 to 7/2012, 1048 patients were randomized to tivantinib + erlotinib (TE, n=526) or placebo + erlotinib (PE, n=522). Baseline characteristics were median age = 62 years (range, 24-89), prior therapies = 1 (66%) or 2 (34%), ECOG performance status = 0 (32%) or 1 (68%), EGFR mutant (10.4%), and KRAS mutant (27.1%). In 9/2012, the data monitoring committee recommended trial discontinuation because the pre-planned interim analysis of OS crossed the futility boundary. At the 12/2012 data cutoff, median OS was 8.5 months and 7.8 months for TE and PE, respectively (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.98; 95% CI, 0.84-1.15; p = 0.81). Median PFS was 3.6 months and 1.9 months, respectively (HR = 0.74; 95% CI, 0.62-0.89; p < 0.0001). Overall response rate (ORR) improved to 10.3% for TE compared with 6.5% for PE (p < 0.05). MET expression was obtained for 445 patients. In the pre-specified, MET High subgroup (n = 211), median OS improved to 9.3 months for TE vs 5.9 months for PE (HR = 0.70; 95% CI, 0.49-1.01; p = 0.03). In the MET Low subgroup (n = 234), median OS was 8.5 months for TE and 7.7 months for PE (HR=.90, 95% CI, 0.64-1.26, p=.53). OS did not differ between treatments in KRAS wildtype (n=702), KRAS mutant (n=284), and EGFR wildtype (n=937) subgroups; OS was immature for the EGFR mutant (n=109) subgroup at the cut-off time. Consistent with ITT, PFS was increased with TE vs PE across all molecular subgroups. Common adverse events (TE vs PE, respectively) included rash (33.1% vs 37.3%), diarrhea (34.6% vs 41.0%), and asthenia/fatigue (43.5% vs 38.1%), which occurred at similar rates between treatments; neutropenia (Grade 3/4: 10.0% vs 1.0%) was more common with TE.

      Tivantinib significantly improved PFS and OS in the prospectively defined MET High subgroup. Further investigation of tivantinib in MET High selected, non-squamous NSCLC is warranted.

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