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A. Linton

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    MO09 - Mesothelioma I (ID 120)

    • Event: WCLC 2013
    • Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
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      MO09.07 - Disease and Patient Characteristics related to Survival in a large population-based cohort of patients with Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma (MPM) (ID 3184)

      16:15 - 17:45  |  Author(s): A. Linton

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Despite advances in therapy, the prognosis of MPM remains poor (median overall survival (OS) of 9-12 months). Nevertheless, as described in surgical series, a small proportion of patients survive far longer. Previously identified prognostic factors in patients undergoing extra-pleural pneumonectomy (EPP) include histological subtype, gender and neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR). Similar factors including stage and performance status have also been shown to be prognostic in chemotherapy studies. We aim to assess in the general MPM patient population, what factors predict for better prognosis independent of the treatment path chosen.

      We reviewed records of patients registered (2002 -2009) with the NSW Dust Diseases Board; a government compensation body for NSW workers with occupational asbestos exposure. We evaluated a priori prognostic factors including age, gender, histological subtype, staging on CT imaging and NLR using Kaplan Meier and Cox regression analysis, and by treatment interventions, smoking and asbestos exposure history. Exploratory subgroup analyses compared these factors in long-term (>20 months) survivors versus the remainder of the study population.

      We identified 913 patients: 90% male; median age 71.9 years; histological subtype (epithelioid 54%; biphasic 11%; sarcomatoid 16.3%; unknown 19%); stage on CT imaging (Tx-I-II 49%; III-IV 51%). 51% of patients received chemotherapy and 6% underwent EPP (of which 67% received chemotherapy. Median age of first occupational asbestos exposure was 18 years, cumulative duration of exposure, 24 years and latency from exposure to diagnosis, 50 years. Median OS was 10.0 months, 15.0 months (range(1-120) in patients receiving chemotherapy and/or EPP and 5.8 months (range 0-125) in patients receiving neither. On univariate analysis, younger age (<70 vs. >70yrs at diagnosis; 13.1 vs. 8.5 months; p<0.001); female gender (12.0 vs. 9.8months; p<0.001); epithelioid subtype (11.8 vs. 7.2 months ;p>0.001); and NLR <5 (12.9 vs. 7.5months; p<0.001) were associated with prolonged OS. Patients who underwent chemotherapy (13.6 vs. 7.2 months; p<0.001) and EPP (17.9 vs. 9.6 months; p<0.001) also had an improved survival. Smoking history (current/ex vs. never) and cumulative asbestos exposure did not affect survival. A trend to improved survival was noted with early stage disease (11.2 vs. 9.1 months; p=0.284) and younger age at first exposure (<18 vs. >18 years of age; 10.9 vs. 9.4 months; p=0.091). On multivariate analysis, age, gender, histological subtype, NLR, EPP and chemotherapy administration remained significant. 24% of patients demonstrated survival over 20 months. Of those, 14% underwent EPP, and 63% received chemotherapy. On multivariate analysis, epithelioid histology (p<0.001), chemotherapy use(p=0.002), undergoing EPP(p=0.01) and NLR<5(p=0.007) were independently associated with survival over 20 months.

      In this large, population based cohort of MPM patients, we have validated age, gender, histological subtype and NLR as significant prognostic factors. Patients undergoing interventions such as EPP or chemotherapy demonstrated more favourable survival, however it is important to note that 86% of long survivors did not receive radical surgery, and 37% did not receive chemotherapy. As such, we hypothesise that apart from active treatment and inherent selection criteria, there are additional factors, such as favourable tumour biology, that seem to positively influence survival of MPM patients.

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