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Q. Zhao

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    MO02 - General Thoracic and Minimally Invasive Surgery (ID 99)

    • Event: WCLC 2013
    • Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
    • Track: Surgery
    • Presentations: 1
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      MO02.11 - Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery, Hybrid, versus Open Thoracotomy for Stage I Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer - A Propensity Score Analysis Based on a Multi-institutional Registry (ID 3034)

      10:30 - 12:00  |  Author(s): Q. Zhao

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      We conducted a multi-institutional study comparing VATS lobectomy to Hybrid, and conventional open lobectomy for unmatched and propensity score-matched patients with stage I NSCLC in an attempt to stratify any potential differences in perioperative outcomes and long-term survival outcomes among the three procedures in patients with stage I NSCLC on a homogeneous well-balanced large population from multi-institutions.

      Between January 2001 and December 2008 in eight institutions from the People’s Republic of China, a total of 2485 patients with stage I NSCLC who underwent lobectomy via c-VATS, Hybrid, or open thoracotomy were entered into the current multi-institutional registry. One thousand and fifty-six patients (42.5%) underwent c-VATS lobectomy, 273 patients (11.0%) underwent Hybrid lobectomy, and 1156 patients (46.5%) underwent open lobectomy. Of the patients who attempted to undergo c-VATS lobectomy, 65 were converted to assisted-VATS and 49 patients were converted to open lobectomy.

      After propensity-matching, c-VATS, Hybrid, and open lobectomy patients were similar in regards to age, gender, histological type and pathological TNM staging. Median operative time was 156.16±17.08 min in open lobectomy group, higher than in c-VATS lobectomy group (145.39±13.1 min) and Hybrid lobectomy group (148.86±11.62) before matching (P<0.001), after matching, it was 154.5±16.89 min, 145.41±12.17 min, and 148.81±11.63 min in open, c-VATS, and Hybrid lobectomy group, respectively (P<0.001). Transfusion occurred in 4 (12.9%) patients in c-VATS group and 6 (19.4%) patients in Hybrid group, both of them lower than in open lobectomy group of 21 (67.7%) patients (P=0.003). However, after matching, there was no statistical difference among three groups, 5 (41.7%) patients, 1 (8.3%) patients, and 6 (50.0%) patients in open, c-VATS, and Hybrid group, respectively (P=0.112). After selecting the propensity-matched patients, the 5-year survival of 78%, 74% and 76% in patients who underwent c-VATS, Hybrid, and open lobectomy, respectively. The perioperative mortality rate was 1.1% for the open group, 1.0% for the Hybrid group, and 0.8% for the VATS group. Two prognostic factors were independently associated with improved survival outcome in multivariate analysis: age < 60 (p = 0.01) and smoking history (p = 0.012). When comparing the three propensity-matched populations, patients who underwent c-VATS lobectomy had similar long-term survival outcomes to patients who underwent Hybrid or conventional thoracotomy (p = 0.770).

      The present multi-institutional study represents the largest dataset evaluating surgical outcomes of patients who underwent c-VATS or Hybrid for NSCLC. VATS lobectomy for NSCLC was not associated with inferior long-term survival compared to Hybrid or conventional thoracotomy.

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