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Nikolay V. Conev
PL02 - Presidential Symposium including Top 7 Rated Abstracts (ID 89)
- Event: WCLC 2019
- Type: Plenary Session
- Presentations: 1
- Now Available
- Moderators:Giorgio Vittorio Scagliotti, Ramon Rami-Porta
- Coordinates: 9/09/2019, 08:00 - 10:15, Barcelona (2005)
PL02.11 - Overall Survival with Durvalumab Plus Etoposide-Platinum in First-Line Extensive-Stage SCLC: Results from the CASPIAN Study (Now Available) (ID 2265)
08:00 - 10:15 | Author(s): Nikolay V. Conev
Extensive-stage (ES)-SCLC is a recalcitrant disease associated with a median OS of ~10 months following etoposide-platinum (EP); new treatments that prolong survival are needed. CASPIAN (NCT03043872) is an open-label, phase 3 study of durvalumab (anti-PD-L1), ± tremelimumab (anti-CTLA-4), combined with EP as first-line treatment for patients with ES-SCLC. Here we report results for durvalumab + EP (D+EP) versus EP from a planned interim analysis.Method
Patients with previously untreated ES-SCLC (ECOG PS 0/1) were randomised (1:1:1) to durvalumab 1500 mg + EP q3w; durvalumab 1500 mg + tremelimumab 75 mg + EP q3w; or EP q3w. Patients in immunotherapy arms received up to 4 cycles of EP followed by maintenance durvalumab until progression. Patients in the EP arm received up to 6 cycles of EP and prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI), at the investigator’s discretion. Investigator’s choice of cisplatin or carboplatin was allowed across all arms and was a stratification factor at randomisation. The primary endpoint was OS. Data cutoff: 11 March 2019.Result
268 patients were randomised to D+EP and 269 to EP. Baseline characteristics were well balanced between arms. In the EP arm, 56.8% of patients received 6 cycles of EP. At the interim analysis, D+EP significantly improved OS compared to EP with a HR of 0.73 (95% CI, 0.591-0.909; p=0.0047); mOS 13.0 versus 10.3 months, respectively. 33.9% of patients were alive at 18 months with D+EP versus 24.7% with EP. Secondary endpoints of PFS and ORR were also improved with D+EP compared to EP: PFS HR 0.78 (95% CI, 0.645-0.936); mPFS 5.1 versus 5.4 months; 12-month PFS rate 17.5% versus 4.7%; investigator-assessed ORR (RECIST v1.1; unconfirmed) 79.5% versus 70.3% (odds ratio, 1.64 [95% CI, 1.106-2.443]). The incidences of grade 3/4 AEs (61.5% versus 62.4%) and AEs leading to discontinuation (9.4% each) were similar between arms; the incidence of haematological toxicities was numerically higher in the EP arm. The durvalumab + tremelimumab + EP arm continues blinded to final analysis.Conclusion
The addition of durvalumab to EP as first-line treatment for ES-SCLC significantly improved OS (27% reduction in risk of death) versus a robust control arm that permitted up to 6 cycles of EP and PCI. Of note, this chemo-immunotherapy regimen offers flexibility in platinum choice (carboplatin or cisplatin), reflecting current clinical practice for this challenging disease. No new safety signals were identified.
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