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MA25 - Precision Medicine in Advanced NSCLC (ID 352)
- Event: WCLC 2019
- Type: Mini Oral Session
- Track: Advanced NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
- Now Available
MA25.10 - First-In-Human Phase 1 Study of DS-1062a (TROP2 Antibody-Drug Conjugate) in Patients with Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (Now Available) (ID 3854)
14:30 - 16:00 | Author(s): Antoine Yver
DS-1062a is a trophoblast cell-surface antigen 2 (TROP2)-targeting antibody-drug conjugate with Daiichi-Sankyo exatecan derivative (DXd) technology. TROP2 is highly expressed in epithelial cancers, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and is associated with poor survival. In preclinical studies DS-1062a showed promising antitumor activity in xenograft mouse models. Updated results from the dose escalation part of a phase 1 study of DS-1062a in patients with advanced NSCLC are reported.Method
This is an ongoing US and Japan dose-escalation/dose-expansion phase 1 study of DS-1062a in patients with unselected NSCLC (NCT03401385). Adult (age ≥20 years [Japan] or ≥18 years [US]) patients with measurable disease per RECIST v1.1 and available tumor for TROP2 measurement were eligible. The primary objectives are to identify the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended dose for expansion, assess safety and tolerability. Endpoints include safety, efficacy, pharmacokinetics, and molecular and genomic analyses.Result
At most recent data cutoff (April 12, 2019) 39 patients with advanced NSCLC were treated with DS-1062a at doses of 0.27 (n=4), 0.5 (n=5), 1.0 (n=7), 2.0 (n=6), 4.0 (n=6), 6.0 (n=8) and 8.0 (n=3) mg/kg. Overall, patients were exposed to a median (range) of 3.0 (1–10) treatment cycles over a duration of 8.86 (3.0–31.1) weeks. Patient disposition included dose interruption (n=2), reduction (n=1) and discontinuation (n=23; primary reason was progressive disease (PD) per RECIST in 13/23 patients). The majority (87.2%; 34/39) of patients reported ≥1 treatment-emergent adverse event (TEAE), regardless of severity or causality; the most common (in ≥30% of patients) were fatigue (33.3%) and nausea (30.8%). Grade ≥3 TEAEs were reported in 41.0% (16/39) of patients, of which 12.5% (2/16) were considered drug related. Drug-related TEAEs occurred in 59.0% (23/39 [21/23 grade 1 or 2], and serious TEAEs in 25.6% (10/39 [n=8 grade 3 (n=1 grade 5/sepsis/6.0-mg/kg dose; n=1 grade 3/drug-related/maculopapular rash/6.0-mg/kg dose; n=1 grade 2/drug-related/pyrexia/4.0-mg/kg dose) of patients. One DLT (maculopapular rash, grade 3; resolved) occurred with the 6.0-mg/kg dose; the MTD has not been reached. Of tumor-evaluable patients, as of May 23, 2019, 10 partial responses (PR) were observed (7 PRs were observed at the April 12, 2019 datacut), with a clear dose response and good durability: n=1 in the 2mg/kg, n=2 in the 4-mg/kg, n=3 in the 6 mg/kg, and n=4/5 evaluable in the 8.0-mg/kg groups (4 of the PRs remain to be confirmed). Across all dose groups (April 12, 2019 datacut), 16 stable disease (SD), and 11 PD were observed. Systemic DS-1062a exposure increased in an approximate dose-proportional manner; plasma DS-1062a levels and total anti-TROP2 antibody were similar, suggesting DS-1062a stability in circulation. Updated tumor response profile and durability, biomarker analyses and correlation with clinical outcome will be presented, including immunohistochemistry and circulating tumor DNA analysis of baseline and sequential on-treatment samples, and other related markers.Conclusion
DS-1062a was well tolerated and 10 PRs were observed during dose selection in unselected NSCLC patients having progressed on standard of care, including immune checkpoint inhibition in 8 of 10 patients. Updated data will be presented.
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