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Nesa Marti



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    IBS06 - Multimodality Treatment - Realtime Data from National Registries (Ticketed Session) (ID 37)

    • Event: WCLC 2019
    • Type: Interactive Breakfast Session
    • Track: Mesothelioma
    • Presentations: 1
    • Now Available
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      IBS06.01 - Realtime Data from Europe ETOP / ESTS Database (Now Available) (ID 3331)

      07:00 - 08:00  |  Author(s): Nesa Marti

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Abstract

      Title: Mesothelioma Realtime Data from Europe - ETOP Mesoscape / ESTS Database

      Introduction:

      Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is an aggressive malignancy with increasing prevalence and poor prognosis. Despite a still increase in incidence, it remains an orphan disease and studying limited numbers of MPM cases hampers the derivation of solid conclusions.

      The combination of two databases including clinical as well as pathological information will allow researchers to improve the knowledge and facilitate decision-making in patients with MPM.

      The European Thoracic Oncology Platform (ETOP) Mesoscape project and the European Society of Thoracic Surgeons’ (ESTS) database are designed to address clinical, pathological, and molecular characteristics of mesothelioma patients and their impact on outcome. The joined analysis of both databases is a unique approach to real-time data reflecting the reality of mesothelioma characteristics, treatment and prognosis in Europe.

      Materials and Methods:

      A decentralized biobank with fully annotated tissue samples is established for ETOP Mesoscape. Selection criteria for participating centers included sufficient number of cases, and documented ethical approval. Patient selection is based on availability of comprehensive clinical data with adequate follow-up, and adequate quantity and quality of formalin-fixed tissue.
      The ESTS database is a clinical database with pre-operative, intra-operative and post-operative data. A minimum set of data is captured, including demographic, histology, treatment, staging and follow up data.

      The characteristics between the two databases are compared using the Fisher’s exact test (for categorical variables) and Mann-Whitney test (for continuous variables), while Kaplan-Meier method (with log-rank test).

      Results:

      Up to 29 May 2019, the ETOP Mesoscape included information on 497 patients from 10 centers, diagnosed between 1999-2018. In the ESTS database, as of April 2019, 2269 patients are included, diagnosed between 1989-2019.

      Patients in both databases are primarily men (84% in the ETOP, 71% in the ESTS), of 0/1 ECOG Performance status (46/46% and 59/29% in ETOP and ESTS respectively), with known previous exposure to asbestos (75% and 93%) and median ages 64 and 67 years old.

      Significant differences are detected between the two data sources with respect to gender, exposure to asbestos and age (p-value <0.001).

      The primary histology of patients is epithelioid (72% in ETOP and 70% in ESTS), followed by biphasic (22%; 17%) and sarcomatoid (6%; 9%) (not significantly different between the two databases).

      Clinical staging is available for 77% of the patients in ETOP, but only for the 28% in the ESTS database. The stage distribution (I/II/III/IV) is 14/29/42/15% in the ETOP and 23/21/41/16% in the ESTS (significantly difference p<0.001).

      Among the biomarkers common in both data sources, Calretinin and WT1 are detected in the vast majority of patients tested (Calretinin: 97% in both cases; WT1: 89% and 87% in the ETOP and ESTS database respectively).

      For the ETOP cases 90% (of those tested) are CK5/6 positive, 91% D2-40 positive and 97% Pan-CK positive.

      Palliative treatment has been administered in 41% of the ETOP cases. Among them, 84% received palliative chemotherapy (with the vast majority 92%, using multiple agents). Palliative surgery was undertaken in 32% (62 of 194 patients with available information) and palliative radiotherapy for 13% of the patients.

      Complete resection has been performed in 59% of the ETOP Mesoscape patients. This was combined with induction chemotherapy (81%), while adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy was administered in 4% and 37% respectively.

      The surgical approach adopted for the ESTS patients was either video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) (59%) or thoracotomy (41%) based on a subset of 887 patients with available information. Post-operation treatment information is available for 620 ESTS patients. Among them, 71% received chemotherapy, 54% underwent surgery and 15% radiotherapy.

      Conclusion:

      We present the combined results from the ETOP Mesoscape and the ESTS database, one of the largest databases. These two series allow us to report on mesothelioma epidemiology and treatment.

      Up to now, the comparison of the baseline characteristics of the patients of the two data sources revealed some statistically significant differences with respect to gender, age, exposure to asbestos and clinical stage.

      As tissue from all ETOP Mesoscape patients is preserved locally and is available for detailed molecular investigations, Mesoscape provides an excellent basis to evaluate the influence of molecular parameters on the disease outcome, besides providing an overview of the molecular landscape.

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