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MA25 - Precision Medicine in Advanced NSCLC (ID 352)
- Event: WCLC 2019
- Type: Mini Oral Session
- Track: Advanced NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
- Now Available
MA25.01 - Pembrolizumab Plus Chemotherapy for Advanced NSCLC Without Tumor PD-L1 Expression: Pooled Analysis of KN021G, KN189 and KN407 (Now Available) (ID 1399)
14:30 - 16:00 | Author(s): Jianxin Lin
Randomized studies have demonstrated that pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy improves OS, PFS, and ORR compared with chemotherapy alone in patients with advanced NSCLC regardless of tumor PD-L1 expression level. We present a post hoc pooled analysis of pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy versus chemotherapy alone in patients with advanced NSCLC and no PD-L1 expression (ie, TPS <1%), representing an area of unmet need.
Patients enrolled in KEYNOTE-021 cohort G (nonsquamous; NCT02039674), KEYNOTE-189 (nonsquamous; NCT02578680), and KEYNOTE-407 (squamous; NCT02775435) were included. Patients with nonsquamous NSCLC were randomized to pemetrexed-platinum with or without pembrolizumab; those with squamous NSCLC were randomized to carboplatin-paclitaxel/nab-paclitaxel with or without pembrolizumab. OS, PFS, and ORR were evaluated for the pooled intent-to-treat population. Response was assessed per RECIST v1.1 by blinded independent central review. Across studies, PD-L1 expression was assessed centrally using PD-L1 IHC 22C3 pharmDx assay (Agilent Technologies, Carpinteria, CA). Analyses were descriptive.Result
Of 1298 patients enrolled across the 3 trials, 428 (33%) had PD-L1 TPS <1% (pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy, n=243; chemotherapy alone, n=185) and were included in this analysis. 52% had nonsquamous histology, 63% had ECOG PS of 1. Median (range) follow-up at data cutoff was 10.2 (0.1‒34.9) months. OS, PFS, and ORR were improved with pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy versus chemotherapy alone (Table). Grade ≥3 AEs (all-cause) occurred in 68% of patients receiving pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy versus 72% receiving chemotherapy alone. Immune-mediated AEs and infusion reactions occurred in 26% who received pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy versus 12% who received chemotherapy alone.
Pembrolizumab + Chemotherapy
Median (95% CI) OS, mo
Hazard ratio (95% CI)
Median (95% CI) PFS, mo
Hazard ratio (95% CI)
ORR, % (95% CI)
Difference (95% CI)
Our results highlight the clinically meaningful efficacy benefit and acceptable safety profile of pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy versus chemotherapy alone in patients with advanced NSCLC and no PD-L1 expression. Benefit was consistent with that observed in the overall study populations, suggesting pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy should be considered standard-of-care first-line therapy for all patients with NSCLC, irrespective of PD-L1 expression.
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