Virtual Library

Start Your Search

Ann Johnson



Author of

  • +

    EP1.12 - Small Cell Lung Cancer/NET (ID 202)

    • Event: WCLC 2019
    • Type: E-Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track: Small Cell Lung Cancer/NET
    • Presentations: 1
    • Now Available
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/08/2019, 08:00 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
    • +

      EP1.12-06 - New Treatment Option for ES-SCLC: Patient Characteristics and Use of an Atezolizumab Regimen in the Real-World Setting (Now Available) (ID 2651)

      08:00 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Ann Johnson

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background

      Results from the Phase III IMpower133 study (NCT02763579) were previously made public. Based on improvements in overall survival in patients with extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC) who received atezolizumab plus carboplatin and etoposide (IMpower133 regimen) vs chemotherapy administered in the 1L setting, the NCCN added this regimen to its guidelines (category 1, preferred) on October 10, 2018. Accordingly, some providers began implementing this regimen in their clinical practice, creating a unique opportunity to characterise its early and broad use in a real-world setting.

      Method

      Patients with ES-SCLC who started treatment within 90 days of initial diagnosis and had a confirmed administration of atezolizumab with carboplatin or cisplatin and etoposide (atezo regimen) on or after September 25, 2018, were included from the de-identified Flatiron Health electronic health records–derived database, representing > 280 US cancer clinics (≈ 800 sites of care). Treatment data were analysed through April 30, 2019. Broad use was defined as treatment with the atezo regimen outside of several main clinical trial restrictions (ECOG PS ≥ 2, abnormal laboratory values, cisplatin use or as 2L treatment). Frequencies and percentages are reported. Monthly uptake was defined as the percentage of ES-SCLC patients starting 1L therapy each month who were treated with the atezo regimen.

      Result

      Uptake of the atezo regimen increased from 10% in October 2018 to 46% in February 2019 (before FDA approval on March 18, 2019) and 66% in April 2019 (after FDA approval); 143 patients were identified, 92% of whom had ES-SCLC at initial diagnosis (Table). The atezo regimen was used broadly among 46% of patients (18% with ECOG PS ≥ 2, 18% with an abnormal laboratory value, 1% on cisplatin, 17% as 2L ES-SCLC treatment). The median time from ES-SCLC diagnosis to start of the atezo regimen was 16 days for 1L patients and 78 days for 2L patients. Patients treated with the atezo regimen in the 1L were administered atezolizumab at a median of 8 days after start of chemotherapy; those treated in the 2L were typically administered atezolizumab immediately at the start of the line.

      Conclusion

      This real-world analysis demonstrates the broad use of the atezo regimen, with nearly half of patients treated outside of several main IMpower133 trial restrictions. Further, a rapid uptake of the regimen even before FDA approval underscores its impact on changing clinical practice and the high unmet need of this patient population.

      Table. Characteristics of Patients Treated With the Atezolizumab Plus Carboplatin/Cisplatin and Etoposide Regimen in Routine Clinical Care

      Patients, n

      143

      Treated prior to FDA approval (March 18, 2019), n (%)

      101 (71)

      Median age at ES-SCLC diagnosis (IQR), years

      67 (61, 73)

      Aged ≥ 65 years at ES-SCLC diagnosis, n (%)

      90 (63)

      Female, n (%)

      71 (50)

      White, n (%)

      100 (70)

      Smoking history, n (%)

      137 (96)

      Stage at initial diagnosis, n (%)

      LS

      7 (5)

      ES

      132 (92)

      Unknown

      4 (3)

      ECOG PS, n (%)a

      0 or 1

      76 (53)

      2+

      26 (18)

      Unknown

      41 (29)

      Radiation therapy, n (%)b

      14 (10)

      LS setting, n

      7

      ES setting, n

      7

      Regimen, n (%)

      Atezolizumab, carboplatin, etoposide

      141 (99)

      Atezolizumab, cisplatin, etoposide

      2 (1)

      Line of therapy of atezo regimen in ES setting, n (%)

      1L

      119 (83)

      2L

      24 (17)

      Median time from ES-SCLC diagnosis to start of line of therapy containing atezo regimen (IQR), days

      1L

      16 (11, 26)

      2L

      78 (59, 98)

      Median time from ES-SCLC diagnosis to first administration of atezo within line (IQR), days

      1L

      24 (14, 27)

      2L

      78 (59, 98)

      Abnormal baseline laboratory value, n (%)c

      26 (18)

      1L, first line; 2L, second line; atezo, atezolizumab; ECOG, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group; FDA, US Food and Drug Administration; IQR, interquartile range; LS, limited stage; PS, performance status.

      a ECOG PS value closest to within −30 to +7 days of treatment start.

      b Includes radiation therapy to chest following initial diagnosis of SCLC, including concurrent radiation therapy with systemic chemotherapy, chemotherapy followed by radiation therapy, up-front palliative radiation therapy to the chest or for superior vena cava syndrome.

      c Abnormal values defined as those not meeting the following definitions: absolute lymphocyte count ≥ 500/μL, lymphocyte count ≥ 500/μL, absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1500 cells/μL, platelet count ≥ 100,000/μL, hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL, aspartate aminotransferase ≤ 5 × upper limit of normal (ULN), alanine aminotransferase ≤ 5 × ULN, alkaline phosphatase ≤ 5 × ULN, serum bilirubin ≤ 1.25 × ULN, serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 × ULN, serum calcium ≤ 12 mg/dL.

      Only Active Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login or select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout.

  • +

    OA13 - Ideal Approach to Lung Resection and Novel Perioperative Therapy (ID 146)

    • Event: WCLC 2019
    • Type: Oral Session
    • Track: Treatment of Early Stage/Localized Disease
    • Presentations: 1
    • Now Available
    • +

      OA13.07 - Neoadjuvant Atezolizumab in Resectable NSCLC Patients: Immunophenotyping Results from the Interim Analysis of the Multicenter Trial LCMC3 (Now Available) (ID 1755)

      11:30 - 13:00  |  Author(s): Ann Johnson

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background

      The immune mechanisms dictating response and resistance to PD-(L)1 blockade are not well understood in early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Understanding these mechanisms will be key to improve outcomes and identify the next generation of predictive biomarkers of response to these therapies. Here, we present updated immunophenotyping at time of interim analysis of LCMC3, a multicenter trial of neoadjuvant atezolizumab in resectable NSCLC (NCT02927301).

      Method

      Patients received 2 cycles of atezolizumab before resection. Tumor, LN biopsies and PB were obtained pre-atezolizumab and at surgery. Paired PB, screening and surgical LN were analyzed using IMMUNOME flow cytometry. Plasma-based cytokine arrays were performed on a subset of patients. Immunophenotypic analyses were correlated with treatment effect, major pathologic response (MPR, primary endpoint) and preoperative treatment-related adverse events (preop-TRAE).

      Result

      We report on 55 patients with paired PB samples (analyzed within 72h after collection) and completed surgery. We observed preop-TRAE in 32/55 patients (18 grade 1, 13 grade 2, 1 grade 3). CD1c+ and CD141+ myeloid cells (MC) were lower at baseline in patients developing preop-TRAEs, while monocytic M-MDSCs were higher in those patients. Senescent T cells decreased in patients with preop-TRAE and increased in patients with non-preop-TRAE. After treatment, the absolute cell counts of late activated CD4+and CD8+T cells decreased in patients achieving MPR. LN IMMUNOME data, cytokine data and 12-month follow-up (DFS, OS) will be reported.

      table 1-page-001.jpeg

      Conclusion

      Preliminary immunophenotyping data from the interim analysis showed significantly lower baseline immunosuppressive cell subsets in patients with preop-TRAE and decreased late activated CD4+and CD8+T cells from PB in patients with MPR.These results, together with additional LN IMMUNOME and cytokine analyses, may improve our understanding of immunophenotypic features associated with outcome, and changes induced by neoadjuvant atezolizumab in early stage NSCLC patients.

      Only Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login, select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout. If you would like to become a member of IASLC, please click here.

      Only Active Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login or select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout.

  • +

    P2.04 - Immuno-oncology (ID 167)

    • Event: WCLC 2019
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track: Immuno-oncology
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/09/2019, 10:15 - 18:15, Exhibit Hall
    • +

      P2.04-88 - Surgical Outcomes of a Multicenter Phase II Trial of Neoadjuvant Atezolizumab in Resectable Stages IB-IIIB NSCLC: Update on LCMC3 Clinical Trial (ID 1817)

      10:15 - 18:15  |  Author(s): Ann Johnson

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background

      The role of immune checkpoint inhibitors in resectable NSCLC remains undefined. We report the updated safety results of the first multicenter trial assessing neoadjuvant atezolizumab (a PD-L1 inhibitor) for resectable NSCLC.

      Method

      Eligible patients with clinical stage IB-IIIB resectable NSCLC received 2 cycles of neoadjuvant atezolizumab (1200 mg, days 1, 22) followed by surgical resection (day 40±10). Pre- and post-treatment PET/CT, pulmonary function tests (PFT), and bio-specimens were obtained. Adverse events (AE) were recorded according to CTCAEv.4.0. Preoperative treatment-related TRAE (preop-TRAE) and postoperative TRAE (postop-TRAE) defined as AE onset on, or after date of surgery, were analyzed.

      Result

      Follow-up data to post-surgery visit were analyzed for 101 patients out of planned 180: mean age: 64.6 years; male: 47/101(46.5%); current smokers: 23/101(22.8%); non-squamous histology: 66/101(65.3%); and clinical stages IB(10.9%), IIA(15.8%), IIB(27.7%), IIIA(38.6%), and IIIB(6.9%). Two cycles of atezolizumab were not completed in 5/101(5.0%) patients due to grade 1 or 2 AEs. Surgery was not performed in 11/101(10.9%) patients: 5 demonstrated disease progression, and 6 for ‘other’ reasons. 6/101(5.9%) patients were deemed unresectable. Surgery was delayed (outside of 10-day window) in 10/90(11.1%) patients by an average of 11(1-39) days. Two of these delays were due to TRAEs (hypothyroidism and pneumonitis), 3 were patient-elected delays, 2 were surgeon-related, and 3 for ‘other’ reasons. Intraoperative vascular complications occurred in 2/90(2.2%) and extensive hilar fibrosis was noted in 20/90(22.2%) patients. Overall, there was insignificant mean change in the PFTs pre- vs. post-atezolizumab therapy. Only 3/101(3.0%) patients had treatment-related dyspnea, dyspnea on exertion, or pneumonitis.

      Table 1

      Treatment Related Adverse Events

      (TRAE)

      Preoperative TRAE

      (N = 101)

      Postoperative TRAE

      (N = 90)

      All AEs

      Any grade

      55 (54.5%)

      20 (22.2%)

      Grade 1

      29 (28.7%)

      7 (7.8%)

      Grade 2

      24 (23.8%)

      9 (10.0%)

      Grade 3

      2 (2.0%)

      4 (4.4%)

      Grade 4

      0

      0

      Grade 5

      0

      0

      Specific AEs

      Dyspnea

      1 (1.0%; grade 2)

      3 (3.3%; grade 1)

      Dyspnea on exertion

      1 (1.0%; grade 1)

      0

      Myalgia

      4 (4.0%; grade 1 or 2)

      0

      Hyperthyroidism

      3 (3.0%; grade 1 or 2)

      1 (1.1%; grade 1)

      Hypothyroidism

      0

      1 (1.1%; grade 2)

      Pneumonitis

      1 (1.0%; grade 3)

      3 (3.3%; grade 2 or 3)

      Transaminitis (AST or ALT)

      8 (7.9%; grade 1 or 2)

      3 (3.3%; grade 1 or 2)

      Post-atezolizumab Change in Pulmonary Function Tests

      PFT factor

      Mean change (95% Confidence Interval)

      FEV1 (N = 72)

      -0.6% (-2.6% to 1.3%)

      FVC (N = 72)

      0.0% (-1.8% to 1.8%)

      DCLO (N = 64)

      -1.2% (-4.1% to 1.7%)

      Conclusion

      Treatment with neoadjuvant atezolizumab in resectable stage IB-IIIB NSCLC was well tolerated, with minimal delay to surgery, and few treatment associated AEs. This trial continues to accrue and assess MPR, survival, and other long-term endpoints.

      Only Active Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login or select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout.