Start Your Search
Caroline G. McCarthy
P1.14 - Targeted Therapy (ID 182)
- Event: WCLC 2019
- Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
- Track: Targeted Therapy
- Presentations: 1
- Now Available
- Coordinates: 9/08/2019, 09:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
P1.14-50 - A Phase 2 Trial of Cabozantinib in ROS1-Rearranged Lung Adenocarcinoma (Now Available) (ID 2753)
09:45 - 18:00 | Author(s): Caroline G. McCarthy
To date, no ROS1 inhibitor is approved for the treatment of ROS1-rearranged lung cancers after progression on crizotinib. Progression on crizotinib can be mediated by the acquisition of ROS1 kinase domain mutations (e.g. ROS1G2032R or ROS1D2033N). Cabozantinib is a highly potent ROS1 tyrosine kinase inhibitor that has superior activity over lorlatinib against these mutations. We evaluated the activity of cabozantinib in patients with ROS1-rearranged lung cancers on a phase 2 trial.Method
In this single-center, open-label, Simon two-stage, phase 2 study, eligible patients had ROS1-rearranged unresectable/metastatic non-small cell lung cancer, a Karnofsky performance status >70%, and measurable disease. ROS1 fusion was identified by local testing in a CLIA-compliant environment. Cabozantinib was dosed at 60 mg once daily. The primary endpoint was objective response (RECIST v1.1). In the first stage of this trial, 1 response was required to move to the second stage. Secondary endpoints included safety.Result
Six patients received cabozantinib in the ongoing first stage of this study. All patients had >1 prior ROS1 inhibitor. The median age was 59 years; all were never smokers. The best response to therapy was: 1 partial response (-92%, confirmed), 1 unconfirmed partial response (-31%), and 4 stable disease. All patients had disease regression (-7 % to -92%); no patients had primary progressive disease. The only patient with a confirmed partial response was a patient whose cancer acquired a ROS1D2033N solvent front mutation after crizotinib. None of the other five ROS1 inhibitor pre-treated patients (who did not have a confirmed response) had a known on-target acquired resistance mutation in their cancer. After progression on cabozantinib (9.1 months after therapy initiation), the patient whose cancer harbored the ROS1D2033N mutation acquired a METD1228N kinase domain mutation on paired sequencing of pre-cabozantinib and post-progression tumor. The most common grade 3 treatment-related adverse events were hypertension (50%), and mucositis, palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia, and hypophosphatemia (each in 17%). Most patients (83%) required a dose reduction.Conclusion
Cabozantinib can re-establish disease control in ROS1-rearranged lung cancers after progression on a prior ROS1 inhibitor. The first stage of this ongoing trial met its prespecified endpoint for efficacy to move into the second stage. Response was only observed in the setting of a known ROS1 kinase domain resistance mutation.
Only Active Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login or select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout.