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Claudio Verusio



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    P1.14 - Targeted Therapy (ID 182)

    • Event: WCLC 2019
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track: Targeted Therapy
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/08/2019, 09:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
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      P1.14-03 - Molecular Determinants for Lorlatinib Activity in ROS1 Positive NSCLC: Results of the Prospective PFROST Trial (ID 1566)

      09:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Claudio Verusio

      • Abstract

      Background

      Lorlatinib, an ALK/ROS1 inhibitor, demonstrated activity in ROS1+ NSCLC pretreated with crizotinib. However, molecular events predictive for tumor response during lorlatinib treatment are largely unknown.

      Method

      PFROST was a prospective phase II trial designed to include ROS1+ NSCLC refractory to crizotinib. Eligible patients were treated with lorlatinib at the daily dose of 100 mg until disease progression. Primary end point was response rate (RR). For all included patients pre-lorlatinib tumor tissue or blood sample collection was mandatory. At the time of lorlatinib failure liquid biopsy was recommended. The samples were then run with the NEOliquid assay, specifically designed for liquid biopsies, or NEOselect, a panel optimized for formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumor tissue, covering 39 cancer related genes.

      Result

      From June 2017 to April 2019, 22 ROS1+ crizotinib refractory lung adenocarcinoma patients were included in 10 Institutions. Median age was 56 years (range 39-82); male/female: 8/14; ECOG PS 0 (N=8; 36.4%), PS1 (N=14; 63,6%); The majority had brain metastases at baseline (N=15; 68.1%), were never smokers (N=13; 59.1%) and received lorlatinib as third line therapy (N=16; 72.7%). In all cases crizotinib was the last therapy line before lorlatinib. At the time of the present analysis, trial completed its accrual and 13 patients are still receiving therapy. A total of 18 patients were evaluable for response and 7 had confirmed complete (N=1) or partial (N=6) responses for an overall RR of 38.8%. In 4 patients, response to therapy was not yet evaluated. A total of 10 tissue biopsies and 20 blood samples obtained after crizotinib and before lorlatinib therapy were collected. For 7 samples analyses are ongoing. Among responders, no patient harbored a secondary ROS1 mutation. Conversely, no response was observed among patients with secondary ROS1 mutations (N= 1 ROS1S1861I, N=1 ROS1 V2054A, N=3 ROS1G2032R). All patients harboring the ROS1G2032R mutation rapidly progressed and maintained this aberration in liquid biopsy at the time of radiological evidence of lorlatinib failure.

      Conclusion

      In our study lorlatinib confirmed its efficacy in crizotinib resistant ROS1+ NSCLC. Molecular profile of refractory patients suggests reduced efficacy in individuals developing secondary ROS1 mutations after crizotinib failure.