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Diego Luigi Cortinovis



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    P1.14 - Targeted Therapy (ID 182)

    • Event: WCLC 2019
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track: Targeted Therapy
    • Presentations: 2
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/08/2019, 09:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
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      P1.14-03 - Molecular Determinants for Lorlatinib Activity in ROS1 Positive NSCLC: Results of the Prospective PFROST Trial (ID 1566)

      09:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Diego Luigi Cortinovis

      • Abstract

      Background

      Lorlatinib, an ALK/ROS1 inhibitor, demonstrated activity in ROS1+ NSCLC pretreated with crizotinib. However, molecular events predictive for tumor response during lorlatinib treatment are largely unknown.

      Method

      PFROST was a prospective phase II trial designed to include ROS1+ NSCLC refractory to crizotinib. Eligible patients were treated with lorlatinib at the daily dose of 100 mg until disease progression. Primary end point was response rate (RR). For all included patients pre-lorlatinib tumor tissue or blood sample collection was mandatory. At the time of lorlatinib failure liquid biopsy was recommended. The samples were then run with the NEOliquid assay, specifically designed for liquid biopsies, or NEOselect, a panel optimized for formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumor tissue, covering 39 cancer related genes.

      Result

      From June 2017 to April 2019, 22 ROS1+ crizotinib refractory lung adenocarcinoma patients were included in 10 Institutions. Median age was 56 years (range 39-82); male/female: 8/14; ECOG PS 0 (N=8; 36.4%), PS1 (N=14; 63,6%); The majority had brain metastases at baseline (N=15; 68.1%), were never smokers (N=13; 59.1%) and received lorlatinib as third line therapy (N=16; 72.7%). In all cases crizotinib was the last therapy line before lorlatinib. At the time of the present analysis, trial completed its accrual and 13 patients are still receiving therapy. A total of 18 patients were evaluable for response and 7 had confirmed complete (N=1) or partial (N=6) responses for an overall RR of 38.8%. In 4 patients, response to therapy was not yet evaluated. A total of 10 tissue biopsies and 20 blood samples obtained after crizotinib and before lorlatinib therapy were collected. For 7 samples analyses are ongoing. Among responders, no patient harbored a secondary ROS1 mutation. Conversely, no response was observed among patients with secondary ROS1 mutations (N= 1 ROS1S1861I, N=1 ROS1 V2054A, N=3 ROS1G2032R). All patients harboring the ROS1G2032R mutation rapidly progressed and maintained this aberration in liquid biopsy at the time of radiological evidence of lorlatinib failure.

      Conclusion

      In our study lorlatinib confirmed its efficacy in crizotinib resistant ROS1+ NSCLC. Molecular profile of refractory patients suggests reduced efficacy in individuals developing secondary ROS1 mutations after crizotinib failure.

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      P1.14-26 - ALK Fusion Variant Detection by Targeted RNA-Seq in TKIs Treated ALK-Positive Lung Adenocarcinoma (ID 1860)

      09:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Diego Luigi Cortinovis

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background

      Clinical outcomes of ALK positive (ALK+) Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) and the identification of the most effective anaplastic lymphoma kinase inhibitor (ALKi) according to the specific ALK fusion variants are not well assessed. We retrospectively characterized fusion variant distribution in a cohort of ALK+ lung adenocarcinomas (ADC) with paired clinical data about treatments and outcomes.

      Method

      Diagnostic tumor tissue from advanced ALK+ (by FISH and/or IHC) ADC diagnosed from 2010 to 2018 and treated with single or multiple ALKis were collected (expanded cohort from Gobbini et al. Lung Cancer, 2017). The OncomineTM Solid Tumor Fusion Transcript Kit on an Ion PGM™ system and the Ion Reporter™ software were used to identify targeted ALK fusion gene products (ThermoFisher).

      Result

      Specific fusion variant transcripts were found in 34/55 (62%) of collected samples. As expected, EML4-ALK fusion transcripts were the most common (31/34 samples, 91%), but HIP-ALK transcripts were also detected (3/34 - 9%). Among EML4-ALK fusions the following variants were detected: V1 (n=11); V2 (n=2); V3a/b (n=12 ) V5a/b (n=5 ) and E6A19 (n=1). Patient median age was 60 year [range 36-85], 22 were male and 12 female. Three patients were current, 11 former and 20 never smokers. Crizotinib, alectinib, ceritinib, brigatinib and lorlatinib were the ALKis used. Independently of the therapy line, 12 patients received crizotinib only, while 22 patients received crizotinib followed by one or two other ALKis. Regardless of the type of transcript, those patients who received more than one ALKi had a better median overall survival compared to those receiving crizotinib only, as expected (74 vs 21 months, HR: 5.31; 95%CI: 1.464-19.26, log rank p=0.0006). Furthermore, a significant difference in the mean duration of the different ALKi treatment was found according to the ALK variants (Chi-square p<0.0001), suggesting a private ALKi efficacy profile for specific fusion variants. Finally, the 3 HIP-ALK cases showed a better outcome with respect the EML4-ALK variants (not reached vs 51 months).

      Conclusion

      Our analysis suggests that different ALK fusion variant might affect ALKi treatment duration in ALK+ lung ADC.

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