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Josep Lluís Carrasco



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    MA15 - Usage of Computer and Molecular Analysis in Treatment Selection and Disease Prognostication (ID 141)

    • Event: WCLC 2019
    • Type: Mini Oral Session
    • Track: Pathology
    • Presentations: 1
    • Now Available
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      MA15.10 - Stromal Markers of Activated Tumor Associated Fibroblasts Predict Poor Survival and Are Associated with Necrosis in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (Now Available) (ID 2212)

      15:45 - 17:15  |  Author(s): Josep Lluís Carrasco

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background

      Tumor associated fibroblasts (TAFs) are essential contributors of the progression of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Most lung TAFs exhibit an activated phenotype characterized by the expression of α-SMA and fibrillar collagens. However, the prognostic value of these activation markers in NSCLC remains unclear.

      Method

      We conducted a retrospective multicentric study of the prognostic value of the standard markers of activated fibroblasts. For this purpose, we conducted a quantitative image analysis of α-SMA immunostaining and picrosirius red staining of fibrillar collagens imaged by bright-field and polarized microscopy, respectively, using tissue microarrays with samples from 220 surgical patients, which elicited a percentage of positive staining area for each marker and patient.

      Result

      Kaplan-Meier curves showed that all TAF activation markers were significantly associated with poor survival, and their prognostic value was independent of TNM staging as revealed by multivariate analysis, which elicited an adjusted increased risk of death after 3 years of 129% and 94% for fibrillar collagens imaged with bright-field (p = 0.004) and polarized light (p = 0.003), respectively, and of 89% for α-SMA (p = 0.009). We also found a significant association between all TAF activation markers and tumor necrosis, which is often indicative of hypoxia, supporting a pathologic link between tumor desmoplasia and necrosis/hypoxia.

      Conclusion

      Our findings identify patients with large histologic coverage of fibrillar collagens and α-SMA+ TAFs to be at higher risk of recurrence and death, supporting that they could be considered for adjuvant therapy. Moreover it supports that antifibrotic drugs aiming to target tumor fibrosis may be an effective therapeutic approach to improve survival in NSCLC.

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