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Saiama Waqar



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    P1.14 - Targeted Therapy (ID 182)

    • Event: WCLC 2019
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track: Targeted Therapy
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/08/2019, 09:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
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      P1.14-32 - Rash and Efficacy in Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase Positive (ALK+) Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients Treated with Ensartinib (ID 2382)

      09:45 - 18:00  |  Author(s): Saiama Waqar

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background

      Ensartinib is a potent ALK small molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI). In a phase 1/2 study, ensartinib was generally well tolerated and demonstrated good clinical activity in pts with ALK+ non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This post hoc analysis sought to determine the relationship between ensartinib-related rash and clinical benefit.

      Method

      Adverse events (AEs) were coded using MedDRA v15.0; severity was assessed by investigators using NCI CTCAE v4.03. Objective response rate (ORR) and median progression-free survival (mPFS) were explored in the efficacy-evaluable population, which included ALK+ pts receiving ensartinib 225 mg QD who had a postbaseline response assessment.

      Result

      As of Feb 07, 2019, 80 pts were dosed at the phase 3 dose of 225 mg QD and were efficacy evaluable (13 were ALK TKI naive, 37 had received prior crizotinib only, and 30 had received a prior second-generation ALK TKI). Rash was the most common AE observed in 69% of pts, mostly grade 1/2. The rashes started most frequently (33%) at day 7 or 8. The most common types of rash were general rash, rash maculopapular, and rash erythematous. Rash was primarily managed with topical corticosteroids, with some dose reductions, or no intervention at all and rarely led to discontinuation (2% [n=2]). The median duration of rash was 22 days. The ORR and mPFS were better in pts with rash vs those without (ORR, 53% vs 40%; mPFS, 8.6 vs 5.7 mo; P=.0044) (Table). A multivariate Cox proportional hazards model controlling for baseline factor (eg, age, sex, ECOG PS, and prior ALK TKI) revealed a correlation between rash and PFS (HR=0.556; P=.0755). Pts are still being accrued in this study.

      table 1_wclc.jpg

      Conclusion

      Ensartinib was associated with mild to moderate rash that was easily managed. Preliminary findings suggest that rash is potentially associated with better clinical benefit with ensartinib.

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    P2.04 - Immuno-oncology (ID 167)

    • Event: WCLC 2019
    • Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
    • Track: Immuno-oncology
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 9/09/2019, 10:15 - 18:15, Exhibit Hall
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      P2.04-88 - Surgical Outcomes of a Multicenter Phase II Trial of Neoadjuvant Atezolizumab in Resectable Stages IB-IIIB NSCLC: Update on LCMC3 Clinical Trial (ID 1817)

      10:15 - 18:15  |  Author(s): Saiama Waqar

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background

      The role of immune checkpoint inhibitors in resectable NSCLC remains undefined. We report the updated safety results of the first multicenter trial assessing neoadjuvant atezolizumab (a PD-L1 inhibitor) for resectable NSCLC.

      Method

      Eligible patients with clinical stage IB-IIIB resectable NSCLC received 2 cycles of neoadjuvant atezolizumab (1200 mg, days 1, 22) followed by surgical resection (day 40±10). Pre- and post-treatment PET/CT, pulmonary function tests (PFT), and bio-specimens were obtained. Adverse events (AE) were recorded according to CTCAEv.4.0. Preoperative treatment-related TRAE (preop-TRAE) and postoperative TRAE (postop-TRAE) defined as AE onset on, or after date of surgery, were analyzed.

      Result

      Follow-up data to post-surgery visit were analyzed for 101 patients out of planned 180: mean age: 64.6 years; male: 47/101(46.5%); current smokers: 23/101(22.8%); non-squamous histology: 66/101(65.3%); and clinical stages IB(10.9%), IIA(15.8%), IIB(27.7%), IIIA(38.6%), and IIIB(6.9%). Two cycles of atezolizumab were not completed in 5/101(5.0%) patients due to grade 1 or 2 AEs. Surgery was not performed in 11/101(10.9%) patients: 5 demonstrated disease progression, and 6 for ‘other’ reasons. 6/101(5.9%) patients were deemed unresectable. Surgery was delayed (outside of 10-day window) in 10/90(11.1%) patients by an average of 11(1-39) days. Two of these delays were due to TRAEs (hypothyroidism and pneumonitis), 3 were patient-elected delays, 2 were surgeon-related, and 3 for ‘other’ reasons. Intraoperative vascular complications occurred in 2/90(2.2%) and extensive hilar fibrosis was noted in 20/90(22.2%) patients. Overall, there was insignificant mean change in the PFTs pre- vs. post-atezolizumab therapy. Only 3/101(3.0%) patients had treatment-related dyspnea, dyspnea on exertion, or pneumonitis.

      Table 1

      Treatment Related Adverse Events

      (TRAE)

      Preoperative TRAE

      (N = 101)

      Postoperative TRAE

      (N = 90)

      All AEs

      Any grade

      55 (54.5%)

      20 (22.2%)

      Grade 1

      29 (28.7%)

      7 (7.8%)

      Grade 2

      24 (23.8%)

      9 (10.0%)

      Grade 3

      2 (2.0%)

      4 (4.4%)

      Grade 4

      0

      0

      Grade 5

      0

      0

      Specific AEs

      Dyspnea

      1 (1.0%; grade 2)

      3 (3.3%; grade 1)

      Dyspnea on exertion

      1 (1.0%; grade 1)

      0

      Myalgia

      4 (4.0%; grade 1 or 2)

      0

      Hyperthyroidism

      3 (3.0%; grade 1 or 2)

      1 (1.1%; grade 1)

      Hypothyroidism

      0

      1 (1.1%; grade 2)

      Pneumonitis

      1 (1.0%; grade 3)

      3 (3.3%; grade 2 or 3)

      Transaminitis (AST or ALT)

      8 (7.9%; grade 1 or 2)

      3 (3.3%; grade 1 or 2)

      Post-atezolizumab Change in Pulmonary Function Tests

      PFT factor

      Mean change (95% Confidence Interval)

      FEV1 (N = 72)

      -0.6% (-2.6% to 1.3%)

      FVC (N = 72)

      0.0% (-1.8% to 1.8%)

      DCLO (N = 64)

      -1.2% (-4.1% to 1.7%)

      Conclusion

      Treatment with neoadjuvant atezolizumab in resectable stage IB-IIIB NSCLC was well tolerated, with minimal delay to surgery, and few treatment associated AEs. This trial continues to accrue and assess MPR, survival, and other long-term endpoints.

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    PL02 - Presidential Symposium including Top 7 Rated Abstracts (ID 89)

    • Event: WCLC 2019
    • Type: Plenary Session
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Now Available
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      PL02.08 - Registrational Results of LIBRETTO-001: A Phase 1/2 Trial of LOXO-292 in Patients with RET Fusion-Positive Lung Cancers (Now Available) (ID 964)

      08:00 - 10:15  |  Author(s): Saiama Waqar

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background

      No targeted therapy is currently approved for patients with RET fusion-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). LOXO-292 is a highly selective RET inhibitor with activity against diverse RET fusions, activating RET mutations and brain metastases. Based on initial data from LIBRETTO-001, LOXO-292 received FDA Breakthrough Designation for the treatment of RET fusion-positive NSCLC in August 2018.

      Method

      This global phase 1/2 study (87 sites, 16 countries) enrolled patients with advanced RET-altered solid tumors including RET fusion-positive NSCLC (NCT03157128). LOXO-292 was dosed orally in 28-day cycles. The phase 1 portion established the MTD/RP2D (160 mg BID). The phase 2 portion enrolled patients to one of six cohorts based on tumor type, RET alteration, and prior therapies. The primary endpoint was ORR (RECIST 1.1). Secondary endpoints included DoR, CNS ORR, CNS DoR, PFS, OS, safety and PK.

      Result

      As of 17-June 2019, 253 RET fusion-positive NSCLC patients were treated. The primary analysis set (PAS) for LOXO-292 registration, as defined with the US FDA, consists of the first 105 consecutively enrolled RET fusion-positive NSCLC patients who received prior platinum-based chemotherapy; 58 patients (55%) also received prior anti PD-1/PD-L1 agents. The majority of PAS responders have been followed for ≥6 months from first response. Of the remaining 148 patients, 79 had previously been treated with platinum-based chemotherapy, 55 did not receive prior platinum-based chemotherapy and 14 did not have measurable disease at baseline.

      Among PAS patients, the investigator-assessed ORR was 68% (95% CI 58-76%, n=71/105, 2 PRs pending confirmation). Responses did not differ by fusion partner or the type or number of prior therapies, including chemotherapy, anti PD-1/PD-L1 agents and multikinase inhibitors with anti-RET activity. The median DoR was 20.3 months (95% CI 13.8-24.0) with a median follow-up of 8 months; as evidenced by the wide confidence interval, this DoR estimate is not statistically stable due to a low number of events (16 of 69 confirmed responders). The intracranial ORR was 91% (n=10/11: 2 confirmed CRs, 8 confirmed PRs) for patients with measurable brain metastases at baseline.

      The ORR in efficacy evaluable treatment naïve RET fusion-positive NSCLC patients was 85% (95% CI 69-95%, n=29/34, 7 PRs pending confirmation). In the safety data set of all 531 patients, 5 treatment-related AEs occurred in ≥15% of patients: dry mouth, diarrhea, hypertension, increased AST and increased ALT. Most AEs were grade 1-2. Only 9 of 531 (1.7%) patients discontinued LOXO-292 for treatment-related AEs.

      Conclusion

      LOXO-292 had marked antitumor activity in RET fusion-positive NSCLC patients and was well tolerated. These data will form the basis of an FDA NDA submission later this year.

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