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MA23 - Preclinical Models and Genetics of Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma (ID 353)
- Event: WCLC 2019
- Type: Mini Oral Session
- Track: Mesothelioma
- Presentations: 1
- Now Available
- Moderators:Ramon Palmero Sánchez, Raphael Bueno
- Coordinates: 9/10/2019, 14:30 - 16:00, Copenhagen (1980)
MA23.05 - A Phase II Trial of Nintedanib in Recurrent Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma (MPM) (Now Available) (ID 943)
14:30 - 16:00 | Author(s): Gregory Kalemkerian
Background: Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a disease that is resistant to chemotherapy and there remains an unmet need for better therapeutic options. Nintedanib (BIBF 1120) is an oral multikinase inhibitor impacting VEGF, FGF, PDGFR, and other kinase activity such as TGFß signaling pathways. VEGF, FGF, and TGFβ are commonly expressed in MPM. We conducted a phase II trial in patients with recurrent MPM after platinum-based chemotherapy.Method
Methods: Patients (pts) with MPM previously treated with platinum-based chemotherapy, performance status (PS) 0-1, adequate organ function, and no contraindications to anti-angiogenic therapy were eligible for treatment. Nintedanib 200 mg twice per day was administered until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The primary endpoint was the 4-month progression-free survival (PFS). A two-stage design was used and >4 pts had to have a PFS of ≥4 months to proceed to the second stage.Result
Results: Twenty pts. were enrolled. The median age was 70 yrs. (32-81), 90% were male, and 80% were PS=1. The histology was 70% epithelioidal, 5% sarcomatoid, 10% biphasic, and 15% unknown. 15% had prior bevacizumab. The median follow-up is 16.4 mo. A median of 2 treatment cycles (range 1-18) were delivered. There were no responses but 40% had stable disease. The median PFS was 1.8 mo. (95% CI: 1.68, 3.55) and the PFS rate at 4 mo. was 13%. The median OS was 4.2 mo. (95% CI: 2.53, 8.74) and the OS rate at 4 mo. was 55%. Toxicities were usually grade 1-2 and included diarrhea, fatigue, edema, transaminase elevation, anorexia, nausea, vomiting and dyspnea.Conclusion
Conclusions: The activity of nintedanib in previously treated MPM pts. was modest. The trial did not meet the primary PFS endpoint. However, there was a small subset of pts. that had prolonged stable disease for >4 months thus potentially deriving some clinical benefit from treatment.
Supported by Boehringer Ingelheim.
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P1.01 - Advanced NSCLC (ID 158)
- Event: WCLC 2019
- Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
- Track: Advanced NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
- Now Available
- Coordinates: 9/08/2019, 09:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
P1.01-71 - Bone Metastases and Skeletal-Related Events in Patients with Metastatic NSCLC Treated with ICIs: A Multi-Institutional Study (Now Available) (ID 2421)
09:45 - 18:00 | Author(s): Gregory Kalemkerian
Skeletal-related events (SRE) occur frequently in patients (pts) with metastatic NSCLC (mNSCLC) and confer a poor prognosis. Data on SRE and the effects of bone modifying agents (BMA) in NSCLC pts treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) are limited as is the effect of bone modifying agents (BMA) on development of SRE and overall survival (OS). Here we report the incidence, impact on survival, and risk factors for SRE in pts with mNSCLC treated with ICI in a multi-institutional cohort.Method
We conducted a retrospective study of pts with mNSCLC treated with ICI at our institutions from 2014 to 2017. Overall survival (OS) was calculated from the date of ICI initiation to death from any cause or last follow-up. Cox regression model was used to study the association between OS and baseline bone metastases (BM). The associations between SRE and categorical outcomes were studied using chi-square/Fisher’s exact test. The study was approved by each institution’s ethics review board.Result
Table 1. Multivariate survival analysis. Parameter Level Hazard Ratio 95% HR Confidence Limits P-value BM at baseline Absent Ref <0.0001 Present 1.847 1.414-2.413 ECOG 0 Ref 0.0006 1 1.494 1.017-2.196 2 1.506 0.969-2.341 3 3.788 1.442-9.949 Histology Adenocarcinoma Ref 0.969 Squamous 1.057 0.786-1.420 Lines of Therapy 1 Ref 0.0007 2 1.580 1.123-2.223 >=3 2.064 1.417-3.005
We identified a cohort of 330 pts: 259 (72%) treated in second line or beyond; 211 (64%) received nivolumab; median age 63.4; median OS 10.4 mo (95% CI: 8.6, 12.5). In our cohort, 124 (38%) pts had BM at time of ICI, and 43 (13%) developed SRE after ICI (median 2.8 months; 19 pathologic fractures, 1 cord compression, 26 palliative radiation, 8 surgery). Patients with BM at ICI had shorter OS after controlling for ECOG, histology, and line of therapy (Table 1; Hazard Ratio 1.847; 95% CI 1.414 - 2.413; p <0.0001) compared to pts without baseline BM. Development of SRE was associated with presence of BM at baseline but not age, histology, or mutation status (EGFR, KRAS, and TP53). The use of BMA was not associated with OS or decreased risk of SRE. The development of new or progression of existing BM (22% of pts) during ICI was associated with a worse prognosis (mOS 7.1 vs 11.6 mo, p=0.017).Conclusion
Bone metastases and SRE are a significant cause of morbidity in pts with mNSCLC treated with ICI. The presence of BM at baseline was associated with a worse prognosis after controlling for multiple clinical characteristics. In our cohort, the use of BMA was not associated with decreased risk of developing SRE, osseous progression, or survival.