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ramon Garcias De Las Peñas

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    MA22 - Partnering with Patients to Understand Stigma, Disparities and Values Leading to Improved Lung Cancer Care (ID 154)

    • Event: WCLC 2019
    • Type: Mini Oral Session
    • Track: Advocacy
    • Presentations: 1
    • Now Available
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      MA22.05 - Assessment of Gender Differences in the Psychosocial and Economic Impact on Patients with Stage IV Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (Now Available) (ID 718)

      15:45 - 17:15  |  Author(s): ramon Garcias De Las Peñas

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      Incidence of lung cancer in women is rising overtime reporting evident gender-based differences in epidemiology, biology, and treatment outcome. However, little is known about gender-differences regarding psychological, economic and social aspects. The objectives of this prospective study are to evaluate the psychosocial and economic impact of metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to gender. Additionally, to assess the emotional burden and the economic impact of the disease on the primary caregiver from a gender perspective


      Multicenter, prospective, observational, study of two cohorts of patients with metastatic NSCLC (male and female) in Oncology departments of 20 Spanish hospitals. The following measurement tools were used: the APGAR questionnaire (family functionality: adaptability, partnership, growth, affection, and resolve), the Relationship impact scale, the DUKE-UNC scale (perceived socio-affective support), the patient and the caregiver economic impact scale and the Zarit scale (caregiver burden). All questionnaires were performed at the first visit, repeated 4 months later and following the first and second disease progression.


      Of the 333 pts included, 104 were females and 229 male, of whom 63% and 97%, respectively, were smokers/ex-smokers (p=0.0001). More women than men (85% vs 70%) had adenocarcinomas . The median overall survival was longer in women but did not reach statistical significance [17.1 vs 11.0 months, HR 0.732 (95% CI 0.534 to 1.005), p=0.0524]. Most families considered themselves functional (high score in APGAR questionnaire) with no changes in their partner relationship and social support was evaluated as optimal for majority of patients. Around a quarter of interviewed patients said their economic situation was a little worse after the lung cancer diagnosis, without remarkable differences by gender. Statistically significant differences were found between both groups regarding the caregiver´s relationship to the patient (more parents were the caregiver in females than in males) (p <0.0001) and the caregiver’s employment situation (more employed caregivers in females) (p<0.0001). Most caregivers of both sexes considered that taking care of their relative did not pose a significant burden. No remarkable differences by gender were found between the different variables across the study.


      This study provides a preliminary insight into gender-related characteristics in the management of advanced NSCLC and its impact on the emotional, social and economic burden of patients and their caregivers, and recall the high priority of researching in cancer from a gender perspective

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