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MA21 - Non EGFR/MET Targeted Therapies (ID 153)
- Event: WCLC 2019
- Type: Mini Oral Session
- Track: Targeted Therapy
- Presentations: 1
- Now Available
MA21.11 - A Multicenter Phase II Study of Low-Dose Erlotinib in Frail Patients with EGFR Mutation-Positive, Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: TORG1425 (Now Available) (ID 633)
14:30 - 16:00 | Author(s): Kazuhiko Yamada
We conducted a multicenter phase II trial evaluating the efficacy of low-dose erlotinib (ERL) in frail patients with EGFR-mt non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The primary endpoint was met, with the objective response rate (ORR) of 60%. Here we present the final overall survival (OS) results. Furthermore, we investigated the effect of ABCB1 genetic polymorphisms on the ERL plasma concentration pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD).Method
Chemotherapy-naïve NSCLC patients with EGFR mt who had frailty were enrolled and received ERL 50 mg/d. Patient’s frailty was defined as follows: (Group 1) 20 to 74 years of age with Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (PS) ≥2 or Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) ≥6 points; (Group 2) 75 to 80 years of age with PS ≥1 or CCI ≥6 points; (Group 3) ≥81 years of age with any PS and CCI. ABCB1 gene polymorphism analysis were using the i-densyTM genetic testing platform, and blood samples for the ABCB1 genetic testing were collected prior to treatment. Steady-state trough plasma ERL concentration was measured with a high-performance liquid chromatograph-tandem mass spectrometry at 15 days (±7 days) after initiating ERL administration.Result
From December 2014 and April 2017, 80 patients were enrolled: males/females 26/54; median age 80 (range 49-90); Group 1/2/3 15/28/37; Ad/Sq/Others 76/1/3. EGFR mt types were: exon 19/21 42/38. All 80 patients were included in efficacy and safety analysis. Median progression-free survival and OS were 9.3 (95%CI: 7.2-11.4), 26.1 (95%CI: 21.9-30.4) months respectively. The trough of ERL could be measured in 48 patients, and 45 of these patients were analyzed for ABCB1 genetic polymorphism. The ORR for the 48 patients was 62.5%, and their median trough of ERL was 685 ng/ml (range 153-1950) , which surpassed the reported “effective” level (500ng/ml). Nine (60%) of 15 the patients who failed to achieve the level responded. Genetic polymorphisms were not correlated with ERL PK, nor were they associated with efficacy and adverse events.Conclusion
This is the first prospective study evaluating low-dose ERL for frail patients with EGFR mt NSCLC. This treatment was safe and effective, and the ABCB1 genetic polymorphisms did not affect ERL PK/PD. Clinical trial information: UMIN 000015949.
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