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Elizabeth Kennedy



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    OA15 - Targeted Agents and Immunotherapy for Small Cell Lung Cancer (ID 152)

    • Event: WCLC 2019
    • Type: Oral Session
    • Track: Small Cell Lung Cancer/NET
    • Presentations: 1
    • Now Available
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      OA15.01 - Combination Olaparib and Temozolomide in Relapsed Small Cell Lung Cancer: Updated Results from Phase 1/2 Clinical Trial (Now Available) (ID 1394)

      14:30 - 16:00  |  Author(s): Elizabeth Kennedy

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background

      DNA damage repair inhibition is an emerging strategy for treating small cell lung cancer (SCLC). Combining poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibition with the DNA alkylating agent temozolomide has shown activity in both preclinical models and early phase clinical trials.

      Method

      This is a single-arm phase 1/2 study combining the PARP inhibitior olaparib (tablet formulation) with temozolomide in patients with SCLC. Key eligibility criteria include histologically or cytologically confirmed incurable SCLC which progressed following ≥ 1 platinum-based chemotherapy. In cohort 1, olaparib and temozolomide are administered orally on days 1-7 of 21-day cycles. After cohort 1 completed enrollment, cohort 2 was added in a protocol amendment, in which olaparib is administered continuously days 1-21 and temozolomide is administered days 1-7 of 21-day cycles. For each cohort, the phase 1 portion is a conventional 3+3 design, with the primary objective to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) or recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D). The primary objective of the phase 2 dose expansion portion is to determine the objective response rate (ORR). Response assessments are performed every 6 weeks, with treatment continued until progression, unacceptable toxicity, or investigator’s discretion. Treatment post-progression is allowed for patients with ongoing clinical benefit.

      Result

      Between October 2015 and April 2018, 50 patients were enrolled to cohort 1. The median age was 63 (range 39-85), median number of prior therapies was 2 (range 1-7), and 72% were platinum sensitive. The RP2D was olaparib 200 mg PO BID d1-7 and T 75 mg/m2 QD d1-7. The confirmed ORR was 41.7%. After a median follow-up of 7.1 months among 22 surviving patients, the median progression-free survival (mPFS) was 4.2 months, median overall survival (mOS) was 8.5 months, and median duration of response (mDoR) was 4.3 months. The ORR among platinum-sensitive and platinum-resistant patients was 47.1% and 28.6%, respectively, with no significant differences in mPFS, mOS or mDOR. The most common grade 3/4 treatment related adverse events were neutropenia (38%), anemia (28%) and thrombocytopenia (26%). Among 41 pts treated at the RP2D, dose reductions occurred in 44% overall and 64% of those who received at least 3 cycles. Enrollment to the phase 1 portion of cohort 2 began in November 2018 and is ongoing. Updated results from cohorts 1 and 2 will be presented at the meeting.

      Conclusion

      Combination olaparib and temozolomide has an acceptable tolerability profile and shows promising clinical activity in relapsed SCLC. Clinical trials identifier NCT02446704.

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