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Tomohiro Toji



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    MA20 - Thymic Tumors: From Molecular to Clinical Results and New Challenges in Other Rare Thoracic Tumors (ID 149)

    • Event: WCLC 2019
    • Type: Mini Oral Session
    • Track: Thymoma/Other Thoracic Malignancies
    • Presentations: 1
    • Now Available
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      MA20.11 - Surgical Treatment for Metastatic Lung Tumors from Sarcomas of Soft Tissue and Bone (Now Available) (ID 2391)

      11:30 - 13:00  |  Author(s): Tomohiro Toji

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background

      Sarcoma is one of the refractory malignant tumors and often develops pulmonary metastasis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of surgical resection for metastatic lung tumors from sarcomas of soft tissue and bone retrospectively.

      Method

      Between 2006 and 2015, we had a total of 158 patients with metastatic lung tumors from soft-tissue and bone sarcomas who underwent pulmonary metastasectomy for the first time. In total, 265 surgical procedures were performed in Okayama University Hospital in this period. We analyzed the age, sex, site of primary lesion, histology, extent of primary tumors at the initial diagnosis, extent of pulmonary metastases at the first pulmonary metastasectomy, presence or absence of local recurrence and/or extrapulmonary metastases with or before pulmonary metastases, operative procedures, size of the largest lesions resected, maximum number of the resected tumors, postoperative complications, and the prognosis at the end of 2018.

      Result

      Average number of resected tumors per intervention was 4.0 (range 1-19). These sarcoma patients consisted of 36 males and 122 females, and their average age was 53.7 years (range 14-88 years). Leiomyosarcoma was the most common histological subtype (n = 92, 58.2%) and uterus was the most common location of the primary disease (n = 71, 44.9%). Operative procedures were composed of 202 partial resections, 35 segmentectomies with or without partial resections, 26 lobectomies with or without partial resections, 1 pneumonectomy, and 1 basal segmental auto-transplantation after pneumonectomy. The postoperative complications were limited, showing that pulmonary metastasectomies for sarcomas are acceptable. Overall 3-year survival after the first pulmonary metastasectomy was 50.6%. In univariate analysis, the survival was significantly better for the group with disease-free interval of more than 2 years from the date of the initial treatment for primary disease until the date of diagnosis for the first pulmonary metastasis, the one who underwent pulmonary resections three times or more, and the one in which size of the largest resected lesion was 20 mm or less. Those factors significant in univariate analysis were all significant in multivariate analysis.

      Conclusion

      Surgical resections for metastatic lung tumors from sarcomas of soft tissue and bone were performed without major complications, indicating the acceptable feasibility. If disease-free interval is more than 2 years and the size of the largest resected lesion is less than 20 mm, patients may maximally benefit from pulmonary resection. In order to increase the opportunities of pulmonary resections, we should preserve the lung parenchyma as much as possible when performing pulmonary metatstasectomy, resulting in the better survival.

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