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Bernhard Moser



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    MA20 - Thymic Tumors: From Molecular to Clinical Results and New Challenges in Other Rare Thoracic Tumors (ID 149)

    • Event: WCLC 2019
    • Type: Mini Oral Session
    • Track: Thymoma/Other Thoracic Malignancies
    • Presentations: 1
    • Now Available
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      MA20.07 - Thymomectomy and Total Thymectomy or Simple Thymomectomy for Early Stage Thymoma Without Myasthenia Gravis: An ESTS Thymic Working Group Study (Now Available) (ID 1683)

      11:30 - 13:00  |  Author(s): Bernhard Moser

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background

      Resection of thymic tumors has traditionally included removal of the tumor and the thymus gland (thymothymomectomy). Nevertheless, in recent years, some authors questioned the need to remove the thymus gland in non-MG thymomas, suggesting that resection of the tumor (simple-thymomectomy) is enough from an oncological point of view in Stage I (TNM stage classification) thymoma patients. The aim of our study was to compare short- and long-term outcome of thymothymomectomy vs. simple-thymomectomy using European Society of Thoracic Surgeons (ESTS) Thymic Database.

      Method

      We investigated 1131 patients with thymic epithelial tumors included in the ESTS-Thymic Database. Three-hundred twenty-four clinical stage I (cT1N0M0, according to the 8th edition of the UICC/AJCC TNM stage classification) without Myasthenia Gravis (non-MG) thymoma cases were evaluated from 23 contributing centers (2000-2017), of which 300 (93%) thymothymomectomy and 24 (7%) simple-thymomectomy. Surgical upstaging was evaluated. In pathological stage I, we compared the completeness of resection, the rate of complications, the 30-day mortality, the overall survival and the disease-free survival (DFS).

      Result

      Overall, we observed an upstaging to stage III in 10 (3%) patients. We did not observe any significant difference between the two techniques in terms of the completeness of resection, the rate of complications and the 30-day mortality. The 5-year overall survival rate was 94% in the thymothymomectomy group and 56% in the simple-thymomectomy group (Figure 1 - P= 0.0004). The 5-year DFS was 95% in the thymothymomectomy group and 82% in the simple-thymomectomy group (Figure 1 -P= 0.013).

      figure 1.png

      Conclusion

      Patients affected by stage I TNM non-MG thymoma submitted to thymothymomectomy presented a significantly better DFS and overall survival than those submitted to simple-thymomectomy. Thymothymomectomy should be considered the procedure of choice in Stage I TNM non-MG thymomas, also considering the not negligible rate of pathological upstaging.

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