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OA13 - Ideal Approach to Lung Resection and Novel Perioperative Therapy (ID 146)
- Event: WCLC 2019
- Type: Oral Session
- Track: Treatment of Early Stage/Localized Disease
- Presentations: 1
- Now Available
OA13.06 - Surgical Outcomes Following Neoadjuvant Nivolumab or Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer - NEOSTAR Study (Now Available) (ID 2041)
11:30 - 13:00 | Author(s): David Rice
Surgical outcomes following neoadjuvant immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are limited. We report 90-day perioperative results of the NEOSTAR phase II trial of neoadjuvant nivolumab or nivolumab/ipilimumab in resectable non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs).Method
44 pts with stage I-IIIA NSCLC (AJCC 7th) were randomized to nivolumab (3 mg/kg IV, days 1, 15, 29, n=23) or nivolumab/ipilimumab (1 mg/kg IV, day 1, n=21) with resection planned between 3-6 weeks after last dose. Surgical approach and extent of resection were at surgeons’ discretion.Result
39 (89%) patients underwent R0 resection, of those 2 (5%) were resected off trial after additional induction chemotherapy (1 nivolumab, 1 nivolumab/ipilimumab). Among 37 patients, 21 underwent surgery following nivolumab and 16 following nivolumab/ipilimumab. Median age 66 (43-83) years, 24 (65%) male, 33 (89%) white, 22 (59%) adenocarcinoma, 22 (59%) stage I, 9 (24%) stage II, 6 (16%) stage IIIA.
5 (11%) were not resected, 1 (1/23, 4%) after nivolumab (stage II), 4 (4/21, 19%) after nivolumab/ipilimumab (1 stage I, 1 stage II, 2 stage IIIA). Reasons for unresectability were change in surgeon’s judgement (n=2), toxicity (n=1), progression (n=1), and declining pneumonectomy (n=1). Median time to surgery was 31 days (range 21-87). 8 (22%) operations were delayed beyond 42 days, 5 after nivolumab/ipilimumab (5/16, 31%) and 3 after nivolumab (3/21, 14%).
33 (89%) underwent lobectomy, 2 (5%) pneumonectomy, 1 (3%) segmentectomy and 1 (3%) wedge resection. 27 (73%) had thoracotomy, 7 (19%) thoracoscopy, 3 (8%) robotic approach. 2 (5%) were electively converted from thoracoscopy to thoracotomy. Median operative time was 147 minutes (71-315), median blood loss was 100cc (50-1000), and median length of stay was 4 days (1-18).
Perioperatively, pulmonary complications occurred in 8 (22%) patients: 8 (22%) prolonged air leak, 2 (5%) pneumonitis/pneumonias, 1 (3%) empyema, and 1 (3%) bronchopleural fistula (BPF). 1 (3%) died from complications of BPF and steroid therapy for pneumonitis. 4 (11%) developed atrial fibrillation, 1 (3%) diarrhea, 1 (3%) ileus, and 1 (3%) transient ischemic attack.
Surgeons subjectively judged 15/37 (40%) of operations to be more complex than usual with 7/37 (19%) lasting > 4 hours.Conclusion
Following three cycles of neoadjuvant ICIs 89% of patients underwent complete R0 resection, including two patients who received additional induction chemotherapy off trial. Five marginally operable patients who didn’t proceed to resection, and one perioperative mortality highlight the importance of cautious patient selection for neoadjuvant ICIs in the management of operable NSCLC.
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P1.04 - Immuno-oncology (ID 164)
- Event: WCLC 2019
- Type: Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall
- Track: Immuno-oncology
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 9/08/2019, 09:45 - 18:00, Exhibit Hall
P1.04-79 - CD73 Expression in Lung Adenocarcinomas and Immunological and Molecular Associations (ID 2412)
09:45 - 18:00 | Author(s): David Rice
Immune checkpoints inhibitors (ICI), in monotherapy or combination with chemotherapy, are the standard of care for lung adenocarcinoma (ADC) patients. Unfortunately, only a restricted number of patients will respond to ICI. Combination therapies such as CD73 inhibitors, are being studied with the goal to achieve synergic effects. CD73 is a membrane-bound protein with immunosuppressive functions. We previously reported that higher immune cell infiltration was associated mainly to CD73 basolateral (BL) expression, in this abstract, we show the correlation of CD73 expression at luminal (L) and BL membrane of ADC malignant cells (MCs), with annotated clinicopathological characteristics, immune and molecular biomarkers.Method
CD73 IHC expression (clone D7F9A) was evaluated in 106 archived ADCs from patients that underwent surgical treatment without neoadjuvant therapy between February 1999 and February 2012 at MD Anderson Cancer Center (Houston, Texas, USA). We scored % and H-score of CD73 expression at the luminal (L) and basolateral (BL) membrane, we calculated the Total (T) CD73 as the average of L and BL, and classified ADCs in three groups: ‘T High’ (TH) (upper quartile for all tumors); ‘T Low’ (TL); ‘T Neg’ (TN) (<1%). We correlated T, L and BL expression and the three groups with clinicopathological characteristics, mutational status of KRAS and EGFR, TP53, STK11 and Tumor mutation burden (TMB), and cell densities of CD3, CD8, CD68, CD45RO, FOXP3, and Granzyme B, and PD-L1 expression (clone E1L3N) in MCs.Result
T CD73 expression was found in 76%; BL in 60% and L in 57%; among ADCs with luminal membrane present (n=72), L CD73 was present in 83%. T+ and L+ expression was more frequent in never smokers (p=0.02 and p=0.003). Also higher frequency of L+ was found in older patients (>65) (p=0.01), tumors with non-solid histology patterns (p<0.001), EGFR mutation (p=0.048), non-mutated p53 (p=0.002), negative PD-L1 (p=0.03), and low TMB (<10 mut/MB) (p=0.001). Higher levels of L expression were found in KRAS mutated tumors (p=0.049). Higher BL expression positively correlated with p53 mutated tumors (p=0.038), PD-L1+ in MCs (p=<0.0001), and higher TMB (p=0.040).
Our group analyses revealed that TH and TN were associated with ADCs from patients with >30 pack-year of smoking history (p=0.04), presence of any-solid histology pattern (p=0.03), p53 mutation (p= 0.005) and higher TMB (p=0.003) compared with TL. TH also had higher frequency of PD-L1+ tumors, and a higher cell density of CD3 (p=0.0001), CD8 (p=0.001), CD68 (p=0.048), CD45RO (p=0.036), FOXP3 (p=0.053), and Granzyme B (p=0.024) compared to TL and TN. TN showed higher frequency of STK11 mutation (p=0.034).Conclusion
Based on the CD73 expression we defined subsets of lung adenocarcinomas that have distinct histological, molecular and immunological characteristics that may play a role in the response to ICI.
Our characterization could help us to understand patient’s response to ICI, and identify patients that could potentially benefit from combination therapies.