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Tetsuo Akimoto



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    OA12 - Profiling the Multidisciplinary Management of Stage III NSCLC (ID 144)

    • Event: WCLC 2019
    • Type: Oral Session
    • Track: Treatment of Locoregional Disease - NSCLC
    • Presentations: 1
    • Now Available
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      OA12.02 - Randomized Phase II Study of CDDP+S-1 vs CDDP+PEM Combined with Thoracic RT for Locally Advanced Non-Sq NSCLC: SPECTRA Study (Now Available) (ID 428)

      15:45 - 17:15  |  Author(s): Tetsuo Akimoto

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background

      SPECTRA, a multicenter, randomized phase II study of CDDP+S-1 versus CDDP+pemetrexed (PEM) combined with thoracic radiotherapy (TRT) for locally advanced non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), previously reported that toxicities were tolerable and manageable in both arms; however, febrile neutropenia was more frequently observed in the CDDP+S-1 arm (9.6%/2%). Completion rate of TRT (60Gy) and chemotherapy (4 cycles) was 92%/98% and 73%/86%, respectively. Response rate was 60%/64% (WCLC 2017, MA17.06). Here, we present primary analysis of 2-year survival data.

      Method

      Patients were randomly assigned to receive CDDP+S-1 (CDDP 60mg/m2, d1, and S-1 80mg/m2, d1-14, q4w, up to 4 cycles) or CDDP+PEM (CDDP 75mg/m2, d1, and PEM 500mg/m2, d1, q3w, up to 4 cycles) combined with TRT 60Gy in 30 fractions. The primary endpoint was 2-year progression-free survival (PFS) rate. The sample size was set at 100 patients.

      Result

      Between Jan 2013 and Oct 2016, 102 patients were enrolled in this study from 9 institutions in Japan. All 102 patients were eligible and assessable, of whom 52 were assigned to CDDP+S-1 and 50 to CDDP+PEM. Baseline characteristics were similar (CDDP+S-1/CDDP+PEM): median age (range) 64.5 (39-73)/63.5 (32-74) years; women, n=17 (33%)/n=17 (34%); stage IIIB, n=21 (40%)/n=20 (40%); ECOG PS of 1, n=14 (27%)/n=14 (28%); never smoker, n=12 (23%)/n=12 (24%); and adenocarcinoma, n=47(90%)/n=45(90%); activating EGFR mutation, n=9 (17%)/n=4 (8%); ALK fusion, n=2 (4%)/n=3 (6%). A total of 72 PFS events were observed at the data cut-off (28 November 2018). After a median follow-up of 32.1 months, median PFS was 12.7/13.8 months (HR=1.16, 95% CI, 0.73-1.84, p=0.538), and 2-year PFS rate was 36.5% (95% CI, 23.5-49.6)/32.1% (95%CI, 18.9-45.4). Disease progression was observed in 33 and 36 patients. Distant metastases were the first site of failure in 24 and 31 patients. Local relapse as the first site of failure was observed in 14 and 13 patients. After a median follow-up of 34.6 months, 44 OS events were observed. Median OS was 48.3/59.1 months (HR=1.05, 95%CI, 0.58-1.90, p=0.883), and 2-year OS rate was 69.2% (95%CI, 56.7-81.8)/66.4% (95%CI, 53.0-79.9). 27 patients in each arm received post-study chemotherapy including EGFR-TKIs (n=7/n=5), ALK-TKIs (n=0/n=3), and immune checkpoint inhibitors (n=6/n=10).

      Conclusion

      2-year PFS rate in the CDDP+S-1 arm was better than that in the CDDP+PEM arm. We will select the CDDP+S-1 arm as the investigational arm in a future phase III study. UMIN000009914 (release date: 31/Jan/2013)

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