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MA17 - Molecular Mechanisms and Therapies (ID 143)
- Event: WCLC 2019
- Type: Mini Oral Session
- Track: Biology
- Presentations: 1
- Now Available
- Moderators:Eloisa Jantus-Lewintre, Hongbin Ji
- Coordinates: 9/09/2019, 15:45 - 17:15, Melbourne (1991)
MA17.07 - Identification of AHR as a Novel Regulator of Lung Cancer Metastasis (Now Available) (ID 2331)
15:45 - 17:15 | Author(s): Sophie Kalmbach
Curative treatment of early stage and locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) relies on surgery and radiotherapy. Adjuvant or simultaneous platin-based chemotherapy is used for risk reduction in patients with large tumors and/or lymph node metastases. Still a large fraction of curatively treated patients dies from metastatic relapse. A better mechanistic understanding of lung cancer metastasis is expected to guide the development of novel rational interventions from prevention, early detection and treatment.Method
Using a barcoded shRNA library we performed a functional in vivo screen in an orthotopic NSCLC mouse model to find target genes involved in metastatic processes. Barcoded shRNAs with significantly different representation between primary tumors and metastases were identified by next generation sequencing. Prioritized hits were functionally validated by targeted suppression in NCI-H1975 cells. Mechanistic studies were conducted in several NSCLC models in vivo and in vitro.Result
We identified AHR, a ligand-activated transcription factor involved in regulation of biological responses to planar aromatic hydrocarbons, as potential modulator of lung cancer metastasis. Suppression of endogenous AHR by shRNA enhanced the migratory and invasive capacity of NSCLC cells in vitro. Importantly, NCI-H1975 with targeted suppression of AHR showed increased metastasis formation in an orthotopic model in vivo. High RNA expression of AHR correlates with lower likelihood of progression and superior overall survival in patients with stage I NSCLC. Mechanistically, AHR impacts matrix remodeling genes (MMP19, MMP24) as well as asparagine synthetase (ASNS), all of which have been implied in metastatic progression.Conclusion
AHR is a novel metastasis-modulating factor in NSCLC. Its mechanism of action provides rational targets for diagnostic and therapeutic interventions.
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