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Toshihiro Misumi



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    MA13 - Going Back to the Roots! (ID 139)

    • Event: WCLC 2019
    • Type: Mini Oral Session
    • Track: Advanced NSCLC
    • Presentations: 1
    • Now Available
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      MA13.07 - Phase I/II Study of Carboplatin Plus Weekly Nab-Paclitaxel in Aged ≥75 Patients with Squamous-Cell Lung Cancer: TORG1322   (Now Available) (ID 1369)

      14:00 - 15:30  |  Author(s): Toshihiro Misumi

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background

      Combination chemotherapy of carboplatin (CBDCA) plus weekly nab-paclitaxel (nab-PTX) showed a favorable efficacy for elderly (70 year or older) patients with squamous non-small cell lung cancer (Sq-NSCLC) in a subgroup analysis of the CA031 study. We conducted a phase I/II study of CBDCA plus nab-PTX in chemo-naïve elderly patients with advanced Sq-NSCLC.

      Method

      Patients aged ≥75 years with untreated, measurable lesion, advanced Sq-NSCLC, performance status (PS) 0-1, and adequate organ function were eligible. In a phase I study, doses of carboplatin at an area under the curve (AUC) of 5 or 6 mg/mL min on day 1 (levels 1 and 2, respectively) were administered along with weekly nab-PTX (100 mg/m2) on days 1, 8, and 15 every 4 weeks up to 6 cycles using a modified 3 + 3 design. The primary endpoint for the phase II study was the 6-month progression-free survival (6m PFS) rate and hypothesis required 36 patients to be enrolled with expecting and threshold values for the primary endpoints of 40% and 25% (one-sided alpha = 0.05; beta = 0.2).

      Result

      A total of 46 patients were enrolled in this study. The median age was 78 (range 75-85 years); male (n = 41); PS 0/1, (n = 15/31). Ten patients were enrolled in the phase I part. At dose level 1, 2/7 patients showed dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) of grade 3 diarrhea and febrile neutropenia, and at dose level 2, 1/3 patient showed DLT of grade 3 anorexia. The recommended dose was determined to be level 2. Additional 36 patients were enrolled, and a total of 39 patients were evaluated in the phase II study. The median number of cycles was 4 (range 1-6), and the median follow-up time was 17.5 months (range 5.6-28.9). The 6m PFS rate was 59% (90% CI, 44.8-71.4), and the primary endpoint was met. The median overall survival time was 23.5 months (95% CI, 11.6-35.4), and the median PFS was 6.8 months (95% CI, 5.4-9.1). The response rate was 54% and disease control rate was 92%. Nineteen patients (49%) received post-study treatment and 14 out of 19 patients (74%) received immunotherapy. Common toxicities of grade 3 or 4 were neutropenia (61.5%), anemia (46.2%), thrombocytopenia (17.9%), and febrile neutropenia (15.4%). There was no treatment-related death.

      Conclusion

      Combination chemotherapy of CBDCA plus weekly nab-PTX had a promising efficacy and acceptable toxicities in elderly (aged ≥75) patients with advanced Sq-NSCLC. Clinical trial information: UMIN000011216.

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