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MA11 - Immunotherapy in Special Populations and Predictive Markers (ID 135)
- Event: WCLC 2019
- Type: Mini Oral Session
- Track: Immuno-oncology
- Presentations: 1
- Now Available
- Moderators:Frank Griesinger, Lecia Sequist
- Coordinates: 9/09/2019, 14:00 - 15:30, Hilton Head (1978)
MA11.11 - STK11/LKB1 Genomic Alterations Are Associated with Inferior Clinical Outcomes with Chemo-Immunotherapy in Non-Squamous NSCLC (Now Available) (ID 2898)
14:00 - 15:30 | Author(s): Regan Memmott
Addition of pembrolizumab (P) to platinum-doublet chemotherapy [carboplatin (or cisplatin) and pemetrexed (CP)] prolongs overall survival and is a standard of care (SOC) for the 1st line treatment of metastatic EGFR/ALK wild-type (wt) non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (mnsNSCLC). Despite widespread use of the CPP regimen, molecular determinants of clinical benefit from the addition of P to CP remain poorly defined. We previously identified genomic alterations in STK11/LKB1 as a major driver of primary resistance to PD-1/PD-L1 blockade in mnsNSCLC. Here, we present updated data on the impact of STK11/LKB1 alterations on clinical outcomes with CPP chemo-immunotherapy from a large retrospective multi-institution international study.Method
620 pts with mnsNSCLC and tumor genomic profiling encompassing STK11/LKB1 from 21 academic institutions in the US and Europe were included in this study. Clinical outcomes were collected for two distinct patient cohorts: a) 468 pts treated with first-line CPP (or >1st line following FDA-approved TKIs) that were alive for 14 days thereafter and b) 152 STK11/LKB1-mt pts that received CP prior to regulatory approval of CPP.Result
Among 468 CPP-treated pts, STK11/LKB1 genomic alterations (N=118) were associated with significantly shorter PFS (mPFS 5.0m vs 6.8m, HR 1.45, 95% CI 1.11 to 1.91; P=0.007) and shorter OS (mOS 10.6m vs 16.7m, HR 1.46, 95% CI 1.04 to 2.07; P=0.031) compared with STK11/LKB1-wt tumors (N=350). The likelihood of disease progression as BOR to CPP differed significantly between the two groups (29.5% vs 17%, P= 0.006). Similar results were obtained when limiting the analysis to EGFR and ALK-wt tumors (N=435) (mPFS 5.0m vs 6.9m, HR 1.48, 95% CI 1.12-1.95, P=0.006 and mOS 10.6m vs 16.7m, HR 1.45, 95% CI 1.02-2.05, P=0.036). Importantly, in pts with STK11/LKB1-mt mnsNSCLC, addition of pembrolizumab to CP did not result in significant improvement of PFS (mPFS 5.0m vs 3.9m, HR 0.82, 95% CI 0.63 to 1.07, P=0.14) or OS (mOS 10.6m vs 9.1m, HR 0.93, 95% CI 0.67 to 1.30, P=0.69) compared to CP alone.Conclusion
In mnsNSCLC, STK11/LKB1 alterations define a subgroup of pts with inferior clinical outcomes with CPP and lack of benefit from the addition of pembrolizumab to CP chemotherapy. Novel therapeutic strategies are required to establish effective antitumor immunity in STK11/LKB1-mutant NSCLC.
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