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OA08 - Advanced Models and "Omics" for Therapeutic Development (ID 133)
- Event: WCLC 2019
- Type: Oral Session
- Track: Biology
- Presentations: 1
- Now Available
OA08.01 - Organoid Cultures as Novel Preclinical Models of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (Now Available) (ID 2115)
11:00 - 12:30 | Author(s): Christine Ng
There is an unmet need to develop novel clinically relevant models of NSCLC to accelerate identification of drug targets and our understanding of the disease. Organoids, which are cells grown in three-dimensional environments in Matrigel, have emerged as novel preclinical models of cancer. Recently protocols for generating NSCLC organoids have been reported, but the growth, and molecular features of organoids as compared to their matching primary patient tumor or patient-derived xenografts (PDX) remain vague.Method
Thirty surgically resected NSCLC patient tumor and 35 PDX tissue of lung adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma subtypes were processed for organoid establishment. Organoids and matching tumor tissues were characterized by histology and immunohistochemistry, and molecularly profiled by whole exome and RNA-sequencing. Subcutaneous injection of organoids in vivo was performed to confirm tumorgenicity. Organoids were subjected to drug testing and drug response was verified in the matched PDX.Result
Using a novel culture condition that our laboratory developed, we have collected tumor samples from 16 primary and 13 PDX samples of adenocarcinoma (n=29) and 14 primary and 22 PDX samples of squamous cell carcinoma (n=36). Over 85% (57/65) of our patient and PDX tumor tissues formed organoids that exhibited a wide range of short-term (<3 months) and long-term (>3 months) growth. Specifically, the success rate of establishing short-term and long-term models are 74% (48/65) and 14% (9/65), respectively. The long-term propagable organoids recapitulated the histology of the patient and PDX tumor. They also retained the ability to form xenograft in NOD-SCID mice. The organoids preserved mutation, copy number aberrations and global gene expression profile of the parental tumors. We additionally showed the utility of short-term and long-term organoids for identifying biomarkers of sensitivity to drugs and combinational targeted therapies.Conclusion
NSCLC organoids are novel patient-derived ex-vivo tumor models for anti-cancer drug screening and biomarker discovery, thus could be incorporated into novel drug discovery pipelines. Further efforts are ongoing to increase the success rate of establishing long-term organoid lines.
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