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David CL Lam



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    PL02 - Presidential Symposium including Top 7 Rated Abstracts (ID 89)

    • Event: WCLC 2019
    • Type: Plenary Session
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Now Available
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      PL02.02 - Lung Cancer Screenee Selection by USPSTF Versus PLCOm2012 Criteria – Interim ILST Findings (Now Available) (ID 2804)

      08:00 - 10:15  |  Author(s): David CL Lam

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background

      The National Lung Screening Trial showed that lung cancer screening of high-risk individuals with low dose computed tomography can reduce lung cancer mortality by 20%. Critically important is enrolling high-risk individuals. Most current guidelines including the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) and Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) recommend screening using variants of the NLST eligibility criteria: smoking ≥30 pack-years, smoking within 15 years, and age 55-80 and 55-77 years. Many studies indicate that using accurate risk prediction models is superior for selecting individuals for screening, but these findings are based on retrospective analyses. The International Lung Screen Trial (ILST) was implemented to prospectively identify which approach is superior.

      Method

      ILST is a multi-centred trial enrolling 4000 participants. Individuals will be offered screening if they are USPSTF criteria positive or have PLCOm2012 model 6-year risk ≥1.5%. Participants will receive two annual screens and will be followed for six years for lung cancer outcomes. Individuals not qualifying by either criteria will not be offered screening, but samples of them will be followed for lung cancer outcomes. Outcomes in discordant groups, USPSTF+ve/PLCOm2012-ve and PLCOm2012+ve/USPSTF-ve, are informative. Numbers of lung cancers and individuals enrolled, sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive values (PPV) of the two criteria will be compared.

      Result

      As of March 2019, ILST centers in Canada (British Columbia), Australia, Hong Kong, and the United Kingdom had enrolled and scanned 3673 individuals. Study results are summarized in Figure 1.

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      Conclusion

      Interim analysis of ILST data, indicates that classification accuracy of lung cancer screening outcomes support the PLCOm2012 criteria over the USPSTF criteria. The PLCOm2012 criteria detected significantly more lung cancers. Individuals who are USPSTF+ve and PLCOm2012-ve appear to be at such low baseline risk (0.2%) that they may be unlikely to benefit from screening.

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