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Jenny Georgina Turcott
MA07 - Clinical Questions and Potential Blood Markers for Immunotherapy (ID 125)
- Event: WCLC 2019
- Type: Mini Oral Session
- Track: Immuno-oncology
- Presentations: 1
- Now Available
MA07.08 - The Role of a Cachexia Grading System in Patients with NSCLC Treated with Immunotherapy: Implications for Response and Survival (Now Available) (ID 2046)
13:30 - 15:00 | Presenting Author(s): Jenny Georgina Turcott
The association between cancer-induced weight-loss (CIWL) and poor clinical outcomes is well established. However, many of these studies were performed in the chemotherapy era. Meanwhile, current standard of care for NSCLC patients has shifted towards the more efficacious immunotherapy agents (IO). IO has improved survival outcomes, nonetheless clinicians face the challenge of identifying who will derive substantial clinical benefit from these more costly agents. Response to IO is influenced by several patient-related factors, including microbiome, medications, and nutritional status.Method
In this study we sought to evaluate the effect of cachexia in survival of NSCLC patients undergoing treatment with IO. Included patients had advanced NSCLC (IIIB, IV), who received IO agents in any line of therapy, and had a good performance status. All the patients were evaluated by the nutritionist specialist and were graded according to a previously documented cachexia scale which takes into consideration body mass index (BMI) and weight loss in order to stratify patients into 5 risk categories (0 [pre-cachexia] - 4 [refractory cachexia]). Primary endpoint was overall survival (OS), secondary endpoints included objective response rate (ORR) and progression-free survival.Result
A total of 181 patients met the inclusion criteria and were included in the analysis. Among these 82 (45%) were classified in the first category (risk grade 0-1 [low risk]), 83 (46%) were classified in the second category (risk grade 2-3[intermediate risk]) and 9% were in the third category (risk grade 4 [high risk]). Patients classified as low-risk had a significantly longer OS compared to those with intermediate or high risk (22.4 months [95%CI: 18.7-26.1] vs. 15.7 [95%CI: 10.8-20.7] vs. 3.9 [0.0-7.8]; p<0.001; Hazard ratio: 1.81 [1.29-2.53]; p<0.001). In the multivariate analysis ORR, hemoglobin and risk category were independent factors associated with OS. Grade of cachexia was also significantly associated with ORR, with low-risk patients having a significantly higher ORR compared to intermediate and high-risk patients (36.6% vs. 17.3% vs. 25%; p=0.021). PFS was also influenced by risk category, with low risk patients having a longer PFS compared with intermediate and high-risk patients.
Cachexia is independently associated with worse OS in NSCLC patients who receive IO, while better nutritional status is related to higher ORR, highlighting a potential role for nutritional assessment in the selection of patients who are candidates for IO. Early assessment of nutritional status in these patients is imperative in order to timely diagnose and treat anorexia-cachexia and improve outcomes.
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