Start Your Search
MA07 - Clinical Questions and Potential Blood Markers for Immunotherapy (ID 125)
- Event: WCLC 2019
- Type: Mini Oral Session
- Track: Immuno-oncology
- Presentations: 1
- Now Available
MA07.01 - Circulating Immature Neutrophils, Tumor-Associated Neutrophils and dNLR for Identification of Fast Progressors to Immunotherapy in NSCLC (Now Available) (ID 1618)
13:30 - 15:00 | Author(s): Melinda Charrier
Neutrophils are active regulators of the antitumor immune response, with pro- and antitumor- properties, but generally are associated with progression (PD) and poor outcomes. We reported that pretreatment dNLR ((neutrophils/[leucocytes-neutrophils]; high>3) correlated with immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) outcomes in advanced (a) NSCLC pts. Although neutrophil population is heterogeneous, the immature neutrophils (i.e. CD15+CD244-CD16low, among others) seem to be a key subpopulation linked to PD. Tumor-associated neutrophils (TAN) can be also modulator on the microenvironment. We aimed to assess the role of pretreatment circulating immature-neutrophils and tissue-TAN, combined with dNLR, on ICI outcomes in aNSCLC pts.Method
aNSCLC pts treated with ICI at our institution between 11/2012 and 08/2018 were eligible. Pretreatment immunophenotyping of monocytes, monocytic MDSC (mMDSC) and granulocytes (CD15, CD11b, CD33, CD244, CD16, CD14, CD32, CD64, HLA-DR) was prospectively performed by flow cytometry in fresh whole blood in 58 pts; we defined immature-neutrophils as CD15+CD244-CD16low. TAN in the stroma were assessed using H&E staining from archival specimen, available from 80 pts. dNLR was retrospectively collected; available from 343 pts. Correlation between baseline circulating neutrophils phenotype, TAN and dNLR was evaluated as well as their impact on outcomes: progression-free survival (PFS), overall (OS), including death before 12 weeks (12wk-death) (fast-PD)Result
366 pts included; 320 (90%) smokers, median age 63; 280 (77%) nonsquamous, 117 (64%) ≥1%PDL1 and 183 missing. Median PFS (mPFS) was 1.93 months (m) [95%CI, 1.8-2.3] and mOS 8.8m [6.5-11.6]. Overall, 12wk-death rate was 31% [25.9-35.6].
Pretreatment high-dNLR (143/343; 42%) was correlated with poor PFS (P=0.002), OS P=0.0003) and a 12wk-death rate of 43% [34.5-50.9]. Pretreatment high immature-neutrophils (30/58; 53%), defined by logrank maximization method (>0.22%), were also associated with poor PFS (P=0.04), OS (P=0.0007) and a 12wk-death rate of 48.7% [26.7-64.1]. TAN (9/80; 11%) were not correlated with outcomes. There was not a correlation between immature-neutrophils, tissue-TAN and dNLR.
When evaluating pretreatment immature-neutrophils and dNLR together, we identified a fast-PD phenotype (high immature-neutrophils/high-dNLR, 10/58; 17%), with a mOS of 1.3m [0.73- not reached (NR)] and 12wk-death rate of 60% [14.5-81.3] compared to a responder-phenotype (low immature-neutrophils/low-dNLR, 12/58; 21%), associated with good outcomes: mOS NR [18.23-NR] (P=0.002).Conclusion
Pretreatment high circulating immature-neutrophils (CD15+CD244-CD16low) correlate with early failure to ICI and fast-PD phenotype. The combination of circulating immature-neutrophils and dNLR could improve the identification of this population. The impact of immature-neutrophils on ICI should be more deeply explored.
Only Active Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login or select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout.