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Jonathan Robert Thompson
MA03 - Clinomics and Genomics (ID 119)
- Event: WCLC 2019
- Type: Mini Oral Session
- Track: Advanced NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
- Now Available
- Moderators:Heather A Wakelee, Wilfried Ernst Erich Eberhardt
- Coordinates: 9/08/2019, 10:30 - 12:00, Colorado Springs (1994)
MA03.06 - Efficacy Results of Selective AXL Inhibitor Bemcentinib with Pembrolizumab Following Chemotherapy in Patients with NSCLC (Now Available) (ID 2271)
10:30 - 12:00 | Author(s): Jonathan Robert Thompson
The RTK AXL is implicated in epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition, negative regulation of anti-tumour immunity and resistance to multiple therapies including immune checkpoint inhibitors.
Bemcentinib (BGB324) is a first-in-class, oral, highly selective and potent AXL inhibitor which has been demonstrated to enhance anti-PD1 therapy.Method
This phase II trial (Cohort A, NCT03184571) enrolled 48 advanced lung adenocarcinoma patients with progression on or after no more than one prior line of platinum-based chemotherapy. Patients with EGFR/ALK mutations were included in this study and must have progressed on or after at least one standard targeted therapy. The primary endpoint was ORR according to RECIST v1.1. Additional endpoints included efficacy according to biomarker expression, DCR, PFS, OS, and safety. Tumour biopsies were analysed for PD-L1 expression (22C3 pharmDx), AXL by IHC, and infiltrating immune cells.Result
As of April 2019, the trial was fully recruited: median age 65 (range 39-82) yrs, 61% male, 76% smokers or ex-smokers.
At time of writing, a total of 210 treatment cycles had been completed by all patients. 17 patients were ongoing.
17 of 32 biomarker-evaluable patients (53%) were PD-L1 negative, 13 (41%) had TPS 1-49%, and 2 (6%) had TPS >50%. Of 28 biomarker-evaluable patients, 14 (50%) expressed AXL on their tumours.
Among patients who had at least 1 evaluable on-treatment scan: 5 responses were observed in 13 AXL positive patients (38%), and 7 in 30 patients with TPS 0-49% (23%). There were 10 responses observed among 34 evaluable patients overall (29%).
In Stage 1, two of the 4 AXL positive responses are ongoing; mDoR is not mature in the AXL positive patients. mPFS was 5.9 mo in AXL positive patients (n=10, 3.0-NR) and 4.0 mo (95% CI 1.9-NR) overall (n=24). mOS was not mature.
The most common TRAEs (occurring in >10% of patient in both stages) were transaminase increases (34%), asthenia/fatigue (30%), diarrhoea (26%), nausea (13%), anaemia (11%), decreased appetite (11%), and pruritus (11%). All cases of transaminase increase were reversible and resolved with concomitant administration of systemic corticosteroids and interruption of study treatments.Conclusion
Patients had predominantly low or no PD-L1 expression; approximately half were AXL positive. The combination of bemcentinib and pembrolizumab was well tolerated and showed promising efficacy in previously treated IO-naïve NSCLC patients, particularly in those with AXL positive disease, including PD-L1 negative patients. Mature ORR for both stages, as well as 12-month OS for stage 1 will be presented at the meeting.
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