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Tomoyuki Naito



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    OA01 - Advanced Diagnostic Approaches for Intrathoracic Lymph Nodes and Peripheral Lung Tumors (ID 117)

    • Event: WCLC 2019
    • Type: Oral Session
    • Track: Interventional Diagnostics/Pulmonology
    • Presentations: 1
    • Now Available
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      OA01.05 - Cryobiopsy Compared with Forceps Biopsy in Pathological Diagnosis and Biomarker Research in Lung Cancer: A Prospective, Single-Arm Study (Now Available) (ID 1564)

      10:30 - 12:00  |  Presenting Author(s): Tomoyuki Naito

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background

      Cryobiopsy is a novel transbronchial biopsy tool that enables the collection of larger samples than forceps biopsy. We evaluated the usefulness of cryobiopsy compared with forceps biopsy in pathological diagnosis and biomarker research in lung cancer.

      Method

      In this prospective single-arm study, 121 patients with or suspected of having lung cancer underwent concurrent transbronchial biopsy using a cryoprobe (ERBECRYO2) and forceps from the same lesion. Sample size and morphological classification were determined for patients whose cryobiopsy and forceps biopsy samples both contained tumor cells (n = 81). Patients diagnosed with non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) with adequate samples from the two procedures (n = 65) were analyzed for programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression score (22C3). Genomic DNA and RNA were extracted from cryobiopsy and forceps biopsy formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded samples (20 NSCLC patients, 20 sections, 10 µm thick each) for whole-exome sequencing and RNA sequencing.

      Result

      Cryobiopsy samples were significantly larger than forceps biopsy samples (median 11.1 mm2[range: 3.3–135.0] vs. 2.0 mm2[0.7–6.6], p < 0.01). The confirmation rate of morphological classification of cryobiopsy samples was significantly higher than that of forceps biopsy samples (86% vs. 79%, p < 0.01, adenocarcinoma/squamous-cell carcinoma/small-cell carcinoma/other = 35/19/12/4 and 30/15/11/4, respectively). The success rate for evaluating PD-L1 score using cryobiopsy and forceps biopsy samples was 94% and 95%, respectively. A greater proportion of cryobiopsy samples tended to have PD-L1 > 1% than forceps biopsy samples (51% vs. 42%, p = 0.06). Significantly larger amounts of DNA (median 1.60μg vs. 0.58μg, p = 0.02) and RNA (median 0.62μg vs. 0.17μg, p < 0.01) were extracted from cryobiopsy samples than forceps biopsy samples. The success rate for whole-exome sequencing (90% vs. 15%, p < 0.01) and RNA sequencing (75% vs. 10%, p < 0.01) was higher for cryobiopsy samples than forceps biopsy samples. The median tumor-mutation burden in cryobiopsy samples was 84 (range 3–2396).

      Conclusion

      Cryobiopsy provided larger sample sizes compared with forceps biopsy, and were more useful for morphological classification, PD-L1 evaluation and genetic analysis.

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