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Kaesavan Selvakumaran



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    OA01 - Advanced Diagnostic Approaches for Intrathoracic Lymph Nodes and Peripheral Lung Tumors (ID 117)

    • Event: WCLC 2019
    • Type: Oral Session
    • Track: Interventional Diagnostics/Pulmonology
    • Presentations: 1
    • Now Available
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      OA01.02 - Endobronchial Ultrasound Staging of Operable NSCLC: Triple Negative Lymph Nodes May Not Require Routine Biopsy (Now Available) (ID 2621)

      10:30 - 12:00  |  Author(s): Kaesavan Selvakumaran

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background

      Current staging guidelines with endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) still recommend systematic biopsy of at least 3 mediastinal stations prior to surgical resection. Recently, a 4-point ultrasonographic score (Canada Lymph Node Score- CLNS) was developed to determine the probability of nodal metastasis in any given lymph node. A LN with CLNS<2 is considered very low probability for malignancy. We hypothesized that, during EBUS assessment of patients with cN0 non-small cell lung cancer, individual nodal stations that have CLNS<2 do not require routine biopsy because they are likely to represent true pN0 disease.

      iaslc 2019 - clns lymph node figure.png

      Method

      The CLNS is a prospectively validated score that uses four ultrasonographic features to accurately predict LN malignancy. LNs were evaluated for ultrasonographic features at the time of EBUS and the CLNS was applied. “Triple Negative” LNs were defined as cN0 on CT (LN≤1cm), PET (no hypermetabolic activity) and EBUS (CLNS<2). Specificity, NPV, and false-negative rates were calculated against the gold-standard pathological diagnosis from surgically excised specimens.

      Result

      In total, 122 LNs in 58 cN0 patients were assessed. Triple Negative LNs were associated with the following T-stage distribution (T1a=12.07%, T1b=24.14%, T2a=34.38%, T2b=10.34%, T3=17.24%, T4=1.72%). Triple Negative LNs had a specificity, NPV, and false-negative rate of 86.10% (95%CI: 78.40-91.80%), 93.40% (95%CI: 86.90-97.30%), and 6.60%, respectively when using <2 as the CLNS malignancy cut-off. In total, only 5.74%(n=7) Triple Negative nodes were actually proven to be malignant, 6/7 (85.71%) on EBUS-TBNA, and 1/7 (14.29%) only after surgical resection.

      Conclusion

      Triple Negative LNs have a high NPV for malignancy. At the time of EBUS in cN0 patients, it may be possible that Triple Negative LNs do not require tissue sampling, thereby saving procedural time, cost, and discomfort. Findings also suggest that Triple Negative LNs with inconclusive biopsy results may not require repeat sampling. A prospective comparative trial is required to confirm these findings.

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