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Guang Han



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    MA01 - Oligometastatic Disease (ID 114)

    • Event: WCLC 2019
    • Type: Mini Oral Session
    • Track: Oligometastatic NSCLC
    • Presentations: 1
    • Now Available
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      MA01.09 - Concomitant SBRT and EGFR-TKI Versus EGFR-TKI Alone for Oligometastatic NSCLC: A Multicenter, Randomized Phase II Study (Now Available) (ID 2214)

      10:30 - 12:00  |  Author(s): Guang Han

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background

      NSCLC patients harboring EGFR mutation generally develop resistance to EGFR TKI less than one year. Prior studies indicated that local consolidative therapy is associated with improved outcomes in patient with limited metastatic NSCLC. Radiotherapy is one of the ideal control methods for locally progressed patients, however, the optimal intervention time in order to slow the occurrence of EGFR-TKI resistance for advanced NSCLC patients with EGFR-sensitive mutations is still unclear. Our preliminary clinical and animal studies suggest that early combined radiotherapy prior to EGFR-TKI resistance can significantly improve the prognosis of patients. Our hypothesis is that the optimal intervention time of radiotherapy for EGFR mutation patients is 3 months after the beginning of EGFR-TKI.

      Method

      This is a prospective, multicenter, randomized controlled study to evaluate stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) as a potential treatment for limited stage IV NSCLC (primary plus up to 3 metastatic sites) with sensitive EGFR mutation. The patients did achieve partial response or stable disease after three months treatment of the first-generation EGFR-TKI would be randomized to TKI combined SBRT (TS) or TKI alone. The primary endpoint was PFS (the time from the beginning of EGFR-TKI treatment to disease progression or death). The secondary endpoint was overall survival (OS) and safety. TKI wasn’t interrupted during the irradiation.

      Result

      A total of 61 patients were enrolled from Feb, 2017 to Jan, 2019. Median follow up was 22.3 months. Patients who TS (n: 30) had a significantly longer median PFS compared to those with TKI alone (n: 31) (PFS: 17.4 vs. 8.9 months P =0.042). T790M mutation was observed in 57.9% acquired resistance patients for TS group, and 39.3% for TKI alone group. Median PFS of T790M mutated patients was 17.4 months compared to 10.3 months of TKI alone group (P = 0.007). Multivariable analysis revealed that radiation fields were positively associated with PFS, 21.8 months for just primary tumor; 10.6 months for metastatic lesions and 18.3 months for primary and metastatic lesions (P= 0.006). OS data was not yet mature. None experienced >= grade 3 SBRT related toxicities.

      Conclusion

      A trend of improved long term PFS was noted in patients receiving SBRT for primary tumor combined EGFR TKI at the third month after the beginning of TKI. Moreover, this data suggested that benefit from radiation might be associated with delay the occurrence of T790M mutation. Further studies are required to investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying this association.

      Clinical Trial information: NCT03595644

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