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OA07 - Precision Medicine Involves Biology and Patients (ID 132)
- Event: WCLC 2019
- Type: Oral Session
- Track: Advanced NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
- Now Available
OA07.03 - Clinical Outcome of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer with EGFR/HER2 Exon 20 Insertions Identified in the LC-SCRUM-Japan (Now Available) (ID 629)
11:00 - 12:30 | Author(s): Sho Saeki
In-frame insertions in exon 20 (Ex20ins) of EGFR/HER2 occur in 2-5 % of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). There is no approved targeted therapy for patients with these mutations. Historical control data would be valuable for the development of novel targeted therapies for these rare cancers.Method
A nationwide genome screening project in Japan (LC-SCRUM-Japan) has been established for the development of molecular-targeted therapies for lung cancers. In this project, 161 cancer-related genes have been analyzed by a next-generation sequencing (NGS) system, Oncomine™ Comprehensive Assay. The therapeutic efficacy and survival of the patients with non-squamous (non-sq) NSCLC harboring EGFR/HER2 Ex20ins were evaluated using a large-scale clinico-genomic database in the LC-SCRUM-Japan.Result
A total of 3441 advanced non-sq NSCLC patients were successfully analyzed from 2015 to 2018. EGFR Ex20ins were detected in 73 patients (2%; M766_A767insASV/A767_S768insSVD/H773_V774insH/D770_N771insNPH/N771_P772insPH/others=22/17/5/4/4/21) and HER2 Ex20ins were detected in 128 patients (4%; A775_G776insYVMA/G776delinsVC/P780_Y781insGSP/others=95/16/10/7). The median age of the patients was 62 (range, 33-90) years. Eighty-one patients (40%) were male and 114 (57%) were never smoker. Two-hundred patients (99%) were diagnosed as adenocarcinoma and 1 as adenosquamous-cell carcinoma. Based on our database, the median overall survivals in patients with EGFR Ex20ins were 22.4 (95%CI, 15.3-36.8) months, and those with HER2 Ex20ins were 18.8 (13.6-30.3) months. In the patients with EGFR/HER2 Ex20ins, the objective response rate (ORR) and median progression-free survivals (mPFS) of 1st-line platinum-containing chemotherapies were 32% and 6.0 (5.7-7.0) months, respectively. The ORR and mPFS of docetaxel with or without ramucirumab were 26% and 5.1 (3.8-5.9) months, respectively. The ORR and mPFS of PD-1 inhibitor were 0% and 2.0 (1.6-2.6) months, respectively. No significant difference in the therapeutic efficacy of these drugs was observed between the patients with EGFR Ex20ins and HER2 Ex20ins. In 19 patients with EGFR Ex20ins treated with 1st/2nd generation EGFR-TKIs, the ORR was 5% (a M766_A767insASV-positive tumor responded to afatinib) and the mPFS was 2.1 (1.3-4.2) months.Conclusion
The patients with EGFR/HER2 Ex20ins-positive NSCLC showed poor responses to PD-1 inhibitors and 1st/2nd generation EGFR-TKIs. These historical data are highly informative in evaluating the efficacy of novel targeted therapies for EGFR/HER2 Ex20ins-positive NSCLC.
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