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Anwen Xiong

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    Lunch & Poster Display session (ID 58)

    • Event: ELCC 2019
    • Type: Poster Display session
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 4/11/2019, 12:30 - 13:00, Hall 1
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      168P - Dynamic changes of patelet-to-lymphocyte ratio predict efficacy of PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors in NSCLC (ID 545)

      12:30 - 13:00  |  Author(s): Anwen Xiong

      • Abstract


      Baseline neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) are markers of host inflammation and have been reported as prognostic factors in advanced cancer patients, but have not been analyzed extensively in lung cancer in the era of immunotherapy, especially the dynamic changes of these markers.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Methods

      Patients who were treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) either as a standard of care or on a clinical trial at Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital were enrolled. Baseline complete blood count [defined as the results obtained at the time (−3/0 days) of initiating ICIs, including white blood cell (WBC), absolute neutrophil count (ANC), platelet count and absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) to calculate the NLR and PLR] were extracted from medical records. Derived NLR (dNLR) was calculated as dNLR = ANC/(WBC−ALC). C3 complete blood count (defined as the results obtained before Cycle 3 of ICIs) was also collected and calculated.

      20c51b5f4e9aeb5334c90ff072e6f928 Results

      Ninety-five patients were identified in the present study. 49 (51.6%) of patients received ICI monotherapy, and 46 (48.4%) received ICI-based combination therapy. Baseline NLR, dNLR, PLR were not associated with clinical outcomes of ICI therapy (ORR or PFS). Using 5 as a C3 NLR cut-off value, patients with C3 NLR <5 had better ORR and PFS than those with C3 NLR ≥5. Furthermore, patients who had increased NLR (n = 29) had inferior ORR (17.2% versus 41.0%, P = 0.026) and median PFS (5.5 versus 8.5 months, P = 0.022) than those who had decreased NLR (n = 61). Patients with C3 dNLR <3 had better ORR and median PFS than those with C3 dNLR ≥3. Patients who had increased dNLR (n = 26) had lower ORR (15.4% versus 40.3%, P = 0.027) and inferior median PFS (5.6 versus 8.4 months, P = 0.150) than those who had decreased dNLR. There was a trend towards better ORR and median PFS in patients lower C3 PLR. Interestingly, patients who had decreased PLR (n = 47) had better ORR (42.6% versus 23.3%, P = 0.052) and median PFS (11.8 versus 5.5 months, P = 0.003) than those who had increased PLR (n = 43). Multivariate analysis revealed dynamic changes of PLR as an independent predictive factor for PFS (HR: 2.27, 95% CI, 1.10-4.71, P = 0.027).

      fd69c5cf902969e6fb71d043085ddee6 Conclusions

      Dynamic change of PLR has a potentially predictive role of the efficacy of ICI therapy.

      b651e8a99c4375feb982b7c2cad376e9 Legal entity responsible for the study

      The authors.

      213f68309caaa4ccc14d5f99789640ad Funding

      Has not received any funding.

      682889d0a1d3b50267a69346a750433d Disclosure

      All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.