Virtual Library

Start Your Search


Author of

  • +

    Lunch & Poster Display session (ID 58)

    • Event: ELCC 2019
    • Type: Poster Display session
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 4/11/2019, 12:30 - 13:00, Hall 1
    • +

      160P - EPSILoN score: Validation cohort of a prognostic score in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (aNSCLC) patients treated with immunotherapy (ID 494)

      12:30 - 13:00  |  Author(s): FILIPPO De Braud

      • Abstract
      • Slides


      Despite the benefit in overall survival (OS), only 18-20% of aNSCLC patients (pts) respond to immunotherapy (IO) in second-line (2nd) with a median progression-free survival (mPFS) of 2-4 months (mo). We previously reported the role of EPSILoN score (Ecog-Ps, Smoke, lIver, Ldh, Nlr) as a clinical and biochemical prognostic score of survival in 154 pts treated with 2nd IO. In this study we aim to validate the EPSILoN score in a different patient population group treated with IO in the same setting.

      a9ded1e5ce5d75814730bb4caaf49419 Methods

      We enrolled 193 eligible patients at the National Cancer Institute of Milan, Italy. From 193 aNSCLC patients receiving single-agent anti-PD-(L)-1 as 2nd (61%) and ≥ 3rd line (39%) we collected baseline complete blood cell count and estimated their ratio such as neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR). Also we evaluated baseline LDH level. Survival analyses using Kaplan–Meier method and multivariate analysis (Cox progression model) were performed to identify and confirm independent variables.

      20c51b5f4e9aeb5334c90ff072e6f928 Results

      Of 193 pts mPFS and mOS were 2.3 and 7.6 mo, respectively. Univariate and multivariate analyses for PFS adjusted for age, sex, smoke status, ECOG-PS, histology, disease site, confirmed heavy smoking status (≥40 pack/years) (HR 0.71, p = 0.036) and baseline LDH <400 mg/dl (HR 0.66, p = 0.026) as independent positive factors while ECOG-PS 2 (HR 1.79, p < 0.001), baseline liver mets (HR 1.48, p = 0.04) and NLR≥4 (HR 1.49, p = 0.029) as negative factors. The five baseline clinical and blood biomarkers (smoking status, ECOG PS, liver metastases, LDH and NLR), were included in the EPSILoN score to validate it in this cohort. Finally, three different survival groups defined as high, intermediate and low for PFS (6.0 vs 3.8 vs 1.9 mo respectively, HR 1.94 95% IC 1.51–2.48, p < 0.001) and OS (24.5 vs 8.9 vs 3.4 months, respectively HR 2.40, 95% IC 1.82–3.17, p < 0.001) were identified.

      fd69c5cf902969e6fb71d043085ddee6 Conclusions

      EPSILoN score which combine five baseline clinical and blood biomarkers may help identify patients who most likely will benefit or not from IO in clinical practice in aNSCLC patients treated with second-line IO. Furthermore, it seems to play an important role in both PFS and OS.

      b651e8a99c4375feb982b7c2cad376e9 Legal entity responsible for the study

      The authors.

      213f68309caaa4ccc14d5f99789640ad Funding

      Has not received any funding.

      682889d0a1d3b50267a69346a750433d Disclosure

      M.C. Garassino: Consultancies, honoraria: AstraZeneca, Roche, Boehringer Ingelheim, BMS, MSD, Eli Lilly, Novartis, Bayer, Pfizer, Sanofy, Italfarmaco. D. Signorelli: Consultancies, honoraria: AstraZeneca. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.


      Only Active Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login or select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout.